Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 40

COUNCIL ON AGING - ORANGE COUNTY

HEALTHCARE

Keys to Maintaining Brain Health
n Junko Hara, Ph.D.
Shankle Clinic: Orange County Vital Brain Aging
Program at Hoag Neurosciences Institute
Orange County Is Aging Rapidly
From 2013-2018, Orange County will experience
the fastest population increase in persons over 65
years old. Such a population shift has amplified cognitive impairment (CI) into a major socioeconomic
and a quality of life issue, and will require a proactive
approach by individuals and their communities to
maintain brain and body health.
Not All Impairment Is Due To Alzheimer's Disease
The general belief that CI is predominantly due to
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a misconception; almost
half of CI is due to more treatable conditions (or
chronic conditions) such as cerebrovascular disease,
heart disease, diabetes, depression, sleep disorders,
and certain lifestyle choices. However, even these
treatable conditions, if not identified and treated
appropriately, can cause irreversible cognitive and
functional impairment. Therefore, it is critical to detect, identify, and treat the underlying causes of CI in
a timely manner.
Know Your Risk Factors
Some CI risk factors cannot be modified (i.e., age,
genetics, family history). However, most risk factors
can be identified and modified, by making healthy
life style choices, by using appropriate risk-reducing
treatments, and by making sure existing medical conditions are well controlled. Risk factors include, but
are not limited to diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, stroke, heart disease; vitamin deficiencies, head
injury, obesity, estrogen or testosterone deficiency, and
certain medications and treatments. Also certain life
style choices can be risk factors as well, including alcohol or chemical dependency, regular tobacco use now
or in the past, unhealthy diet, and insufficient mental
and physical exercise.

40

Preventive Strategy
Strategies to prevent CI have been extensively
Answers Guide 2016	

studied; the most well studied of which are physical
exercise and diet.
Regular physical exercise, at least 3 times a week for
30-60 minutes per session, has been shown to improve heart conditions, strengthen bones and muscles,
improve balance, reduce stress, plus improve mood,
cognition, and overall brain health. Recommended
exercises include, but are not limited to swimming,
cycling, jogging, aerobic dancing, and walking. These
exercises increase blood flow to the brain, increase
chemicals that protect the brain, and help generate
new brain cells.
Maintaining a healthy diet not only keeps your
weight under control, but also appears to reduce risks
for various medical conditions, including diseases that
affect cognition. A brain healthy diet, usually referred
to as "Mediterranean type diet," includes:
n Fruits and vegetables: at least 400g (3-5 servings)
per day
n Fish or poultry instead of red meat
n Whole-grain breads and cereals
n Alternate sources of proteins, such as beans, nuts
and seeds
n More olive oil and less saturated fat (e.g. cheese,
ice cream, butter)
Mental exercise (or life-long learning) can play a
role in keeping your brain healthy. Types of mental
exercise should include activities that continuously
challenge your brain to learn new things. These
include, but are not limited to, reading, writing, cross
word puzzles, playing games of strategy, learning
a language, learning to play a musical instrument,
learning to draw or paint, taking a class in an interesting subject, and participating in various types of social
activities (e.g. book clubs, church groups). Stimulating
your brain in this manner increases your brain's activity, and builds reserves of brain cells and connections.
For More Information
For more information about brain health and
cognitive assessment services visit:
n Orange County Vital Brain Aging Program at
www.OCBrain.org/949-764-6288
n Shankle Clinic at ShankleClinic.com,
949-478-8858

COUNCIL ON AGING - ORANGE COUNTY IS A 501 (C)3 NONPROFIT CORPORATION.
TO DISTRIBUTE
ANSWERS FREE OFResource
COST, WE MUST SELL
ADVERTISING SPACE.| WHILE
WE APPRECIATE THE PAID
LISTINGS IN ANSWERS, THEIR
Aging
and Disability
Connection
800-510-2020
| www.adrcoc.org
INCLUSION DOES NOT IMPLY A RECOMMENDATION OR ENDORSEMENT OF PRODUCTS OR SERVICES BY COAOC. ALWAYS BE A VIGILANT CONSUMER. VERIFY INFORMATION AND SEEK REFERENCES WHERE APPROPRIATE.


http://www.OCBrain.org http://www.ShankleClinic.com

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Council on Aging Answers 2016

Contents
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - Intro
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - Cover1
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - Cover2
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 1
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - Contents
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 3
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 4
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 5
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 6
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 7
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 8
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 9
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 10
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 11
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 12
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 13
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 14
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 15
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 16
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 17
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 18
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 19
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 20
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 21
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 22
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 23
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 24
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 25
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 26
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 27
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 28
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 29
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 30
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 31
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 32
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 1a
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 1b
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 33
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 34
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 35
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 36
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 37
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 38
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 39
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 40
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 41
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 42
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 43
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 44
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 45
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 46
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 47
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 48
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 49
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 50
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 51
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 52
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 53
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 54
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 55
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 56
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 57
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 58
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 59
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 60
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 61
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 62
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 63
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 64
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 2a
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 2b
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 65
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 66
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 67
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 68
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 69
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 70
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 71
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 72
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 73
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 74
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 75
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 76
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 77
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 78
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 79
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 80
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 3a
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 3b
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 81
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 82
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 83
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 84
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 85
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 86
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 87
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 88
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 89
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 90
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 91
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 92
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 93
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 94
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 95
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 96
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 97
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 98
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 99
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 100
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 101
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 102
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 103
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 104
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 105
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 106
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 107
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 108
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 109
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 110
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 111
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 112
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 113
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 114
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 115
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 116
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 117
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 118
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 119
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 120
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 121
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 122
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 123
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 124
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 125
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 126
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 127
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 128
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 129
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 130
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 131
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 132
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 133
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 134
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 135
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 136
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 137
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 138
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 139
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 140
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 141
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 142
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 143
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 144
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 145
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 146
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 147
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 148
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 149
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 150
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 151
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 152
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 153
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 154
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 155
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 156
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 157
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 158
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 159
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 160
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 161
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - 162
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - Cover3
Council on Aging Answers 2016 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/coaoc/coa_answers2017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/coaoc/coa_answers2016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/coaoc/coa_answers2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/freedom/coa_answers2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/freedom/seniorguide2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/freedom/seniorguide2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/freedom/seniorguide2011
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com