Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 16

PRS
continued from page 15
courage the practice of reuse,
recycling and correct disposal
techniques for plastic consumed
in the packaging of products.
As the leading producer of
waste globally, countries in the
Asia Pacific, including India, have
taken a great leap toward environmental
sustainability through
the adoption of an EPR Act,
which was introduced in India in
2016 and came into force in 2022.
EPR goals in the Indian
context
The EPR Act in India envisions
the achievement of a number of
goals. These include:
* The minimisation of waste:
One of the primary goals of the
EPR Act is to reduce waste generation.
Producers are encouraged
to develop highly eff icient manufacturing
processes to reduce
the generation of post-industrial
waste and environmentally
sound products that are durable,
repairable and recyclable, leading
to a reduction in post-consumer
plastic waste generation.
* Resource conservation:
The EPR Act strives to protect
non-renewable natural resources
such as cellulose, coal, natural
gas, salt, crude oil and talc, which
are utilised in the manufacturing
of plastic. This can be eff ectively
done by promoting responsible
product design, sustainable
packaging and an eff icient recycling
ecosystem. Additionally, it
can help drastically lower India's
import bills for fossil fuels such as
coal and crude oil.
* More eff ective recycling:
The Act encourages producers
to establish mechanisms for
the collection, recycling and
reuse of their products. This
will reduce the burden on landfills
and incineration facilities
and lead to a reduction in environmental
pollution.
* Environmental awareness:
Another critical goal of the
EPR Act is to raise awareness
among producers and consumers
about the environmental
impact of products. This fosters
a culture of taking responsibility
and embracing sustainability
among the citizens.
* Boost to sustainable packaging
solutions: The obligations
under the Act will encourage
16
the packaging industry to shift
towards sustainable alternatives
such as bioplastics, compostable
plastics and monomaterial
packaging solutions that
are easier to recycle. In the foreseeable
future, significant advancements
in these alternative
materials are anticipated.
* Transformation of the plastics
recycling industry: In India,
the plastics recycling industry
is predominantly unorganised,
with over 80% of the market
being dominated by small-scale
recyclers with a capacity of less
than 0.5 KTPA (over 10,000 recyclers).
These recyclers don't
have a streamlined ecosystem
or cutting-edge technology.
* The waste collectors, who
are a crucial component of the
entire recycling value chain,
work in appalling conditions,
earn little money, and lack essentials
including masks and
gloves, which puts them at risk
of serious illnesses. The entire
ecosystem must be transformed
to enhance the standard of living
for these waste collectors,
also referred to as 'rag pickers',
and to fortify the sector using
contemporary operational techniques
and technology.
Impacts: Value chain
cooperation
Business collaborations appear
to be an evident impact of the implementation
of India's EPR Act:
a significant number of partnerships
have arisen in the plastic
recycling ecosystem in the wake
of the EPR Act's emergence.
Dow, a leader in material
science, has partnered with
Lucro Plastecycle, a plastic reJanuary/February
2024
cycling company, to develop
plastic packaging composed of
post-consumer waste that will
be used to package products of
Marico, an FMCG company. Such
collaborations will lead to the development
of a circular economy
in the plastic packaging industry.
Hindustan Unilever Ltd. and
Procter & Gamble have collaborated
with waste management
companies, including Nepra Resource
Management and Saahas
Zero Waste, to develop a plastic
waste management programme
for these FMCG brand owners.
This programme includes waste
collection and segregation,
community engagement, collaboration
with recyclers, providing
technology-enabled solutions
in compliance with regulations,
and the transfer of EPR credits.
LyondellBasell Industries, a
multinational chemical company,
has signed a memorandum
of understanding with the country's
leading flexible packaging
plastic recycler, Shakti Plastic
Industries, to build India's largest
plastic recycling plant with a
capacity of 50,000 tons of plastic
recycling per year. The plant
is expected to start in the latter
part of this year.
Manjushree Technopack, a
rigid plastics packaging solution
provider with a manufacturing
capacity of over 200,000 MT
per annum, has entered into a
collaboration agreement with India's
largest post-consumer PET
waste recycler. Ganesha Ecosphere
Group is a recycler with
an installed capacity of 150,000
MT per year of diff erent recycled
PET products. They are set
to co-develop and supply food
and non-food-grade packaging
products made of recycled plasPallet
from
Shakti Plastic
Industries made
from recycled
plastic
tics to brands for their rigid plastic
packaging needs.
Apart from this, a large number
of investments from foreign
companies are being witnessed
in India's plastic packaging
waste value chain. Dalmia Polypro
Industries, a PET bottle
recycler, has received funding
from Circulate Capital, the Singapore-based
investment management
company, to increase
its recycling capacities, along
with an External Commercial
Borrowing loan of $30 million
from the U.S. International Development
Finance Corporation.
Technological
innovations
The EPR Act has incentivised
companies to develop technologies
that facilitate recycling
and enhance the quality of recyclates,
allowing for their reuse
in the packaging of a wide range
of products. For example, Lucro
Plastecycle, a plastics recycler,
has developed de-inking, dry
washing and deodorising technology
to remove dry ink, absorb
oil and contaminants, get rid of
the dirty odour from waste plastic
packaging and transform it
into high-quality recyclates.
Banyan, a vertically integrated
Indian plastic recycling
company, has developed plastic
waste cleaning technology
along with a data intelligence
platform. It helps to integrate
thousands of informal sector
last-mile plastic waste collectors
into its supply chain to recover
post-consumer as well as
post-industrial plastic waste.
Shakti Plastic Industries has
developed a multilayer flexible
packaging (MLP) recycling
technology that can convert
MLP waste into granules that
are fit to be used for making
products such as chairs, stools,
benches and flowerpots.
Polycycl Private Ltd. has developed
patented technology
named Contiflo Cracker that
transforms low-grade waste
plastic into hydrocarbon feedstocks
for the production of virgin
polymer.
Sustainable packaging
In line with the changing value
chain scenario, several pack

Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024

Contents
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - Cover1
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - Cover2
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - Contents
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 4
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 5
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 6
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 7
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 8
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 9
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 10
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 11
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 12
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 13
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 14
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 15
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 16
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Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 18
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 19
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 20
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 21
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 22
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Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 33
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 34
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - Cover3
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - Cover4
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