Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 20

inside at... the EuBC
material, " Noordegraaf told Sustainable
Plastics. " A LCA battle
will emerge in the coming years,
and whoever reports the best
LCA will win " . While existing standards
like the ISO 140xx series
are important, working towards
a common methodology for all
materials will be key to allowing
a fair comparison, he argued.
2024 vs. 2050 scenario
The CO2 tax effects on material price
continued from page 19
matter of controversy. " I know
people will immediately disagree
with the GWP values, that's why
I have shared the sources, " said
Noordegraaf. LCA methods and
standards for comparison with
virgin materials was another key
topic at the EUBP conference.
Some panellists argued that biogenic
and atmospheric carbon
uptake cannot be transparently
visualised in some LCA methods,
leading to unfavourable results
for bioplastics. This may explain,
for example, why the GWP
value above for PLA is not lower
than zero, as it is for PHA.
" The LCA will become the
most important feature of any
The penalty on non-recycled
content and tax on single-use
products also varies from country
to country. In his model,
Noordegraaf assumed a charge
of €450/tonne for each. He
used November 2023 reference
values for the price per kilogram
of polymers and other materials.
With all five cost variables in
place, we are now able to calculate
the total cost of bioplastics
versus the alternatives in 2024
and 2050. Which have the most
to gain and loose?
Bio-PE is the biggest winner
in the polymer category, with a
price evolution from €3,73/tonne
in 2024 to €1,75/tonne in 2050.
PHA takes second place, going
from €9,74/tonne to €7,94/tonne.
Here it is clear that bioplastics
reduced or negative GWP is
driving their better price evolution.
Their lower GWP reduces
their total price when the carbon
tax becomes 10 times higher in
2050 than in 2024 but the other
variables are held fixed.
Recycled PET and recycled
PE will see an expressive increase
in price, from €2,18/tonne
to €3,08/tonne for PET and from
€1,93/tonne to €3,01/tonne for
PE. Virgin PET, on the other
hand, will face a much worse
scenario, evolving from €2,66/
tonne in 2024 to €4,64/tonne in
2050. EPS/Styrofoam and paper
also join virgin PET in the 'loser'
category, with aluminium getting
the very worst results, seeing
a hike in price of 413%.
What should we conclude
from all these data? Bioplastics
will become cheaper as their
lower carbon contribution is recompensated,
whilst alternative
materials suffer higher carbon
levies. Their price will remain
comparatively high, however,
especially in the case of PHA.
Production capacity will more
than triple by 2028, according
to EUBP predictions, but that
is likely to still be insufficient to
reach economies of scale comparable
with other polymers.
Bioplastics will continue to fit
niche applications, but they will
be a much more economical
and competitive choice in 2050
than they are in 2024.
REFERENCES
aluminium: https://datawrapper.dwcdn.net/
fX2LY/10/;
cork: https://www.corkqc.com/pages/
carbon-footprint;
glass: http://www.greenrationbook.org.uk/
resources/footprints-glass/;
paper: http://www.greenrationbook.org.uk/
resources/footprints-glass/;
rigid PE: plastics Europe; foils PE plastics
Europe;
bioPE: http://www.braskem.com.br/....-enviro-assessment-summary-reportfinal.pdf;
biobased
PLA: https://www.natureworksllc.com/What-is-Ingeo/Why-it-Matters/
Eco-Profile;
biobased
PHA: https://hrcak.srce.hr/
file/209412;
wood: https://www.fpl.fs.fed.us/documnts/
pdf2014/fpl_2014_bergman007.pdf;
cartons: https://www.beveragecarton.eu/
wp-content/uploads/2021/01/ACECircular_Analytics_ACE_report.pdf;
other
metals/steel: https://datawrapper.
dwcdn.net/fX2LY/10/;
EPS/Styrofoam: plastics Europe;
PET: plastics Europe;
rPET: ( 100%) https://plasticsrecycling.org/
images/library/2018-APR-LCI-report.pdf;
rPE https://plasticsrecycling.org/images/
library/2018-APR-LCI-report.pdf
20
January/February 2024
https://datawrapper.dwcdn.net/fX2LY/10/ https://datawrapper.dwcdn.net/fX2LY/10/ https://www.corkqc.com/pages/carbon-footprint https://www.corkqc.com/pages/carbon-footprint http://www.greenrationbook.org.uk/resources/footprints-glass/ http://www.greenrationbook.org.uk/resources/footprints-glass/ http://www.greenrationbook.org.uk/resources/footprints-glass/ http://www.greenrationbook.org.uk/resources/footprints-glass/ http://www.braskem.com.br/....-enviro-assessment-summary-reportfinal.pdf http://www.braskem.com.br/....-enviro-assessment-summary-reportfinal.pdf https://www.natureworksllc.com/What-is-Ingeo/Why-it-Matters/Eco-Profile https://www.natureworksllc.com/What-is-Ingeo/Why-it-Matters/Eco-Profile https://www.natureworksllc.com/What-is-Ingeo/Why-it-Matters/Eco-Profile https://hrcak.srce.hr/file/209412 https://hrcak.srce.hr/file/209412 https://www.fpl.fs.usda.gov/documnts/fplgtr/fpl_gtr190.pdf https://www.fpl.fs.usda.gov/documnts/fplgtr/fpl_gtr190.pdf https://www.beveragecarton.eu/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/ACECircular_Analytics_ACE_report.pdf https://www.beveragecarton.eu/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/ACECircular_Analytics_ACE_report.pdf https://www.beveragecarton.eu/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/ACECircular_Analytics_ACE_report.pdf https://datawrapper.dwcdn.net/fX2LY/10/ https://datawrapper.dwcdn.net/fX2LY/10/ https://www.plasticsrecycling.org/images/library/2018-APR-LCI-report.pdf; https://www.plasticsrecycling.org/images/library/2018-APR-LCI-report.pdf; https://www.plasticsrecycling.org/images/library/2018-APR-LCI-report.pdf https://www.plasticsrecycling.org/images/library/2018-APR-LCI-report.pdf

Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024

Contents
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - Cover1
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - Cover2
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - Contents
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 4
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 5
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 6
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 7
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 8
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 9
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 10
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 11
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 12
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 13
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 14
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 15
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 16
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 17
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 18
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 19
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 20
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 21
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 22
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 23
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 24
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 25
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 26
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 27
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 28
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 29
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 30
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 31
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 32
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 33
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 34
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - Cover3
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - Cover4
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