Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 29

recycling
Redressing the supply-demand imbalance
crucial for a circular plastics economy
A report published by KPMG at the end of 2023, entitled 'Plastic raw materials for
recycling in the Netherlands' and aimed at charting the availability of waste plastic
for recycling, has provided new insights into the volumes of plastic waste fl ows in
the Netherlands. By Karen Laird
T
he study, carried
out on behalf of the
Waste Management
Association (VA), the
Association of the Dutch Chemical
Industry (VNCI) and Plastics
Europe Netherlands, found that
much of this is still being incinerated.
In fact, the majority of plastic
waste in the Netherlands is
sent to energy-from-waste facilities,
with a mere 30% being recycled.
In other words, according
to this study, there is still a huge
untapped potential of unsorted
plastics waste in the Netherlands.
The report also examined the
potential of plastic waste from
other European countries for use
as a raw material for Dutch industry
and concludes with a number
of recommendations on using
what KPMG called untapped
Dutch and European potential.
The study foresees the development
of a serious imbalance
between expected demand
for and supply of plastic waste
over the coming years. New
European and Dutch legislation
is putting in place ambitious
mandates for the use of recycled
raw materials (recyclate)
in new products. In anticipation
of these measures, the
Dutch chemical and plastics
industry has announced plans
for multi-million investments
in chemical recycling plants.
If these plans go forward, then
plastic waste recycling capacity
in the Netherlands would be
doubled to more than 2,200 kilotonnes
by 2030, mainly from
new pyrolysis facilities (+0.9
million tonnes).
Yet, says KPMG, the availability
of plastic waste will remain
at around 1,000 kilotonnes in
2030. Uncertainty about the local
availability of feedstock and
policies - will chemical recycling
count as recycling? - are
causing delays in these important
investment decisions.
As the regulatory framework
is the key driver for both demand
for recycled plastics and
the supply of feedstock, it is imperative
that the uncertainties
in the current regulatory framework
are resolved as soon as
possible, the report noted.
How to bring demand and
supply into better equilibrium?
KPMG has outlined various
policy options for the government
to create the right preconditions,
such as measures
to boost cooperation between
the various links in the industrial
chain and promoting more
and better pre-sorting and/or
post-sorting of plastic waste
once collected. This could divert
up to 70 percent of the
1,698 kilotonnes of waste plastic
collected annually from ending
up being incinerated.
Targeted measures could
also be implemented and designed
to extract waste plastic
from commercial and industrial
waste streams.
But even if these opportunities
are taken, there will still
be a great need for circular
raw materials. " However, even
after these optimisations, local
supply will be insuff icient
to meet the future feedstock
demand for plastic recycling.
Increasing imports of plastic
feedstock through stimulus
and policy is essential to meet
the demand for feedstock in
the Netherlands, " write the authors
of the report.
That will require ensuring
a level playing field within the
European Union for the internal
traff ic of plastic feedstock - i.e.
avoid in-country treatment requirements
by EPRs and governments,
as these undermine
the common market - and enabling
the easy cross-border
transport of plastic waste feedstock
and derivatives, such as
pyrolysis oil.
In addition, the standardisation
of waste could foster a better
match between supply and
demand, as could by the suspension
of import tax for combustible
waste containing significant
amounts of plastics in
the case of post-sorted waste.
The report was presented to
Focco Vijselaar, general director
of the Confederation of Netherlands
Industry and Employers
(VNO-NCW), who called the
study an 'important step in the
direction of green plastic'.
" By recycling plastic on
a massive scale and by deploying
technologies such as
chemical recycling, Europe
will become less dependent on
fossil raw materials from elsewhere
in the world, " he said.
And as a net importer of plastic
waste, the Netherlands plays a
significant role in the European
recycling landscape.
" These innovations will give
us an advantage, and our manufacturing
industry will remain
competitive in the long term.
This off ers the best guarantee
for well-paid green jobs with
less impact on the world and
the environment where people
live and spend their leisure
time, " he added.
Download the report at rb.gy/
cngm3b.
January/February 2024
29
http://www.rb.gy/cngm3b http://www.rb.gy/cngm3b

Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024

Contents
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - Cover1
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - Cover2
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - Contents
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 4
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 5
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 6
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 7
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 8
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 9
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 10
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 11
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 12
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 13
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 14
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 15
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 16
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 17
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 18
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 19
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 20
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 21
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 22
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 23
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 24
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 25
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 26
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 27
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 28
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 29
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 30
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 31
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 32
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 33
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - 34
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - Cover3
Sustainable Plastics - January/February 2024 - Cover4
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