Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 29

industry 5.0
Putting people
back in the
picture
Industry 5.0 is all about
the interaction between
humans and machines
Since 2011, when Germany launched the notion of Industry
4.0, manufacturing has been dominated by an ongoing
process of digitalization. The emergence of machine-tomachine
communication, connectivity and smart technology,
all aimed at largely eliminating the need for human
intervention, are gradually but steadily finding adoption.
Time for a rethink? - By Karen Laird
T
he connected, data-driven,
world
of Industry 4.0,
a concept coined
a decade ago originally for a
project in the high-tech strategy
of the German government
to promote the digitalization of
manufacturing, still remains a
far-off goal for many factories
and plants. The term, which was
publicly introduced in 2011 at
the Hannover Messe, refers to
the paradigm shift taking place
from centralized to decentralized
smart manufacturing and
production. It conjures up visions
of a smart factory where
industrial production machinery
no longer simply " processes "
the product, but 'the product
communicates with the machinery
to tell it exactly what to
do', as Germany Trade & Invest
(GTAI) has explained. And it is
generally agreed that embracing
Industry 4.0 - and the digital
manufacturing and the interconnectivity
that comes with it
digital
ed in a 2018 article published
among others in InTech Magazine:
" Although Industry 4.0 still
has not scaled up to cover a
significant percentage of manufacturing
setups, its vision of
near-total automation-and the
resulting cost savings-has clearly
captured the industry's imagination.
More importantly, even
though the " lights-out " factory
is still a rare phenomenon, the
connected automation technologies
that form the backbone
of Industry 4.0 are being widely
and increasingly deployed. "
That said a very considerEsben
H. Østergaard, co-founder
of Universal Robots. The Denmark-based
cobot maker was sold
to Teradyne in 2015.
- paves the way for companies
towards greater agility, flexibility
and operational performance.
Yet Industry 4.0 is still very
much a work in progress. As Esben
H. Østergaard, at the time
CTO at Universal Robots, notable
number of companies
also still remains firmly rooted
in Industry 4.0's predecessor:
the Digital Revolution known
as Industry 3.0 These companies
are still grappling with the
implications of having to evolve
into a more digitalised version
of themselves and many are still
unclear about how to get there.
Uncertain about the investment
required, unsure about
the benefits and, for the most
part, lacking the expertise and
skills to implement and use the
technology, these are the companies
where, as the joke goes,
EPR still stands for 'Excel-run
production.'
Yet, while the adoption of Industry
4.0 technologies is still far
from universal, further developments,
in the form of a new model,
are already looming on the
horizon. Industry 5.0 is coming
- and it promises to be a horse
of a completely different colour.
A shift in perspective
What has characterised each
new industrial revolution up
until now - and Industry 4.0 is
no exception - is that the focus
has been on the development of
powerful and innovative technology
and machines that increase
manufacturing productivity and
efficiency, and minimise human
involvement. And while today's
smart, interconnected facilities
continued on page 30
May/June 2021
29

Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021

Contents
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - Cover1
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - Cover2
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - Contents
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 4
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 5
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 6
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 7
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 8
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 9
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 10
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 11
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 12
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 13
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 14
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 15
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 16
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 17
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 18
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 19
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 20
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 21
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 22
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 23
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 24
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 25
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 26
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 27
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 28
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 29
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 30
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 31
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 32
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 33
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - 34
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - Cover3
Sustainable Plastics - May/June 2021 - Cover4
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