Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 42

LEADERSHIP/MANAGEMENTDEVELOPMENT

EQ and You: Building Leaders
I By Dr. Shawn Andrews

I

intelligence
(EQ) as a key
aspect and
driver of
leadership
effectiveness.
Emotional
intelligence
assessments
have found
women and
men to be
equally as
intelligent
emotionally,
but they are
strong in
different areas.

n the business world, women
Emotional Intelligence
leaders are still a minority. During
Emotional intelligence research has
the past three decades, women have
shown that certain EQ attributes are
achieved parity with men in both
either male-specific, female-specific or
number of employees in the workforce
gender-neutral. For example, women
and positions in middle management.
score higher than men do in areas of
Women now represent 58.6 percent of
empathy and social responsibility,
the labor force in the United States and
which are generally considered femaleoccupy 51.4 percent of all
specific EQ attributes. In contrast, men
management,
outperform
professional and
women on stress
Emotional intelligence
related
tolerance and
occupations
assessments have found
self-confidence
according to the
women and men to be equally as measures, which
U.S.
Department of
intelligent emotionally, but they are are generally
Labor. However,
considered
strong in different areas.
women hold
male-specific
only 14.3 percent of executive officer
EQ attributes.
positions of the Fortune 500
Other types of EQ attributes include
companies, and the number of female
emotional self-awareness, emotional
CEOs at these companies is 3.8 percent
expression, independence, flexibility,
(and this number has barely budged in
problem solving, impulse control,
10 years).
interpersonal relationships, and
optimism. Some of these attributes are
To further complicate these
considered gender-neutral; however,
statistics, research in the past decade
the gender-specific attributes play a
has identified an individual's emotional
42

significant role in how we perceive men
and women as leaders in the
workplace. To better understand and
describe the impact that genderspecific EQ attributes play in the career
advancement of women to leadership
positions, I conducted research as part
of my doctoral dissertation.

Barriers to Leadership
Emotional Intelligence and
leadership are closely related concepts.
The study findings confirm this, but
illustrate reasons for the leadership gap
between men and women are multifactorial, and go much deeper than EQ
or leadership alone. There are four
primary barriers that make the
problem of few women in leadership
difficult to address.
* Structural Barriers: Lack of access
to informal networks "old boys
network", lack of female role models
and lack of female mentors.
* Institutional Mindsets: Role
congruity theory, gender bias,
gender stereotyping and agentic
leader behaviors.
* Individual Mindsets: A large
percentage of women hold
themselves back.
* Lifestyle Choices: Work-life
balance, family choices,
breadwinner/caregiver priorities
and women self-selecting out of
leadership roles.
These barriers have existed for
decades, and the beliefs and
perceptions are held by both men and
women. Role congruity theory is
defined as the prejudice that exists
when one person holds beliefs or
stereotypes about a group that are
inconsistent with the behavior thought
to be necessary to succeed in a specific
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Focus Magazine - Spring 2014

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Focus Magazine - Spring 2014

Focus Magazine
From the President: Coaching for Success
Table of Contents
Table of Contents
Guest Editor: Enhancing the Classroom
Front of the Room: Flexing to a Smaller Class Size
Neuroscience: The Neuroscience of Learning
Ethicon's K2: The Summit of Customized Learning
The Secret to Reaching Your Full Potential
Transforming Organizations: Change Agents & Team Coaching
Member Solutions: Developing Leaders: Building a Bench
Deliberate Practice and the Power of eLearning
EQ & You: Building Leaders
Training for Co-Pay Programs
Constructs not Curriculums
Virtual How: Moving from Reactive to Proactive
Member News
Ad Index
Focus Contacts
5 Questions with Jim Trunick
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - Intro
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - Focus Magazine
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - Cover2
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 3
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 4
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - From the President: Coaching for Success
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 6
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - Table of Contents
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 8
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - Table of Contents
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 10
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - Guest Editor: Enhancing the Classroom
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 12
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - Front of the Room: Flexing to a Smaller Class Size
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 14
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - Neuroscience: The Neuroscience of Learning
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 16
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - Ethicon's K2: The Summit of Customized Learning
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 18
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 19
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 20
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 21
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 22
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - The Secret to Reaching Your Full Potential
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 24
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 25
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 26
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - Transforming Organizations: Change Agents & Team Coaching
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 28
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 29
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 30
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 31
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - Member Solutions: Developing Leaders: Building a Bench
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 33
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 34
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 35
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 36
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 37
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - Deliberate Practice and the Power of eLearning
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 39
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 40
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 41
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - EQ & You: Building Leaders
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 43
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - Training for Co-Pay Programs
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 45
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - Constructs not Curriculums
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 47
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - Virtual How: Moving from Reactive to Proactive
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 49
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 50
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - Member News
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - Ad Index
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - Focus Contacts
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - 5 Questions with Jim Trunick
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - Cover3
Focus Magazine - Spring 2014 - Cover4
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