Georgia Magazine - November 2011 - (Page 38B)

Georgia Gold Medal Plant of the Month A true ‘beauty’ BY CONNIE COTTINGHAM B eautyberries are native shrubs that love moist sites along the woodland’s edge. Grey and brown tree trunks and forest fl oors are a great background for beautyberry’s vivid golden foliage and neon purple-pink berries. Clustered along the stems of the shrub, these berries persist into winter—if the birds don’t gobble them up fi rst. This is an important wildlife plant: Leaves are used by butterfl y larvae, nectar by butterfl ies, and the fruit is consumed by many animals, especially birds and deer. Most beautyberries will mature at about 4 feet to 5 feet tall and wide, although they may get taller. This shrub can be cut to about a foot high in late Liberty notes Trial by jury: History and development BY JIM JESS T he practice of trial by jury is at least as old as the Magna Carta, which was written nearly 800 years ago. In 1215, when King John agreed to the Magna Carta, as demanded by 25 English barons, the idea of a trial before one’s peers, who would decide one’s guilt or innocence, was part of the document. No free man shall be seized or im- prisoned, or stripped of his rights or possessions, or outlawed or exiled, or deprived of his standing in any other way, nor will we proceed with force against him, or send others to do so, except by the lawful judgment of his equals or by the law of the land. —From the Magna Carta, 1215 New York University law profes- sor Rachel E. Barkow summarized the development of the right to a jury trial in “The Heritage Guide to the Constitution”: 38B The American right to a trial by a jury of one’s peers traces its lineage back to … the Magna Carta. By the mid-sixteenth century, the jury had already taken on the form it retains to this day in federal courts and some state courts—twelve citizens were summoned to sit in sworn judgment of the criminal allegations against one of their peers. In a jury trial, citizens, not gov- ernment offi cials, decide the guilt or innocence of the accused, allowing citizens to directly participate in the administration of justice. Just as citizens have a say in what their government does by casting their vote, the right of citizens to sit as a jury in a criminal proceeding is another way citizens hold public offi cials accountable. A jury must decide whether the evidence brought by law enforcement offi cials and the prosecutor More online at convinces them that the defendant is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. Their verdict determines whether the prosecutor’s case succeeds or fails and whether the defendant pays a penalty or is set free. Today, jury trials are often waived by criminal defendants in plea-bargain agreements, but a defendant is still guaranteed the right to a jury trial if they so choose. The U.S. Supreme Court extended the federal guarantee of a jury trial to all of the states in 1968, in Duncan v. Louisiana. For more Liberty notes, see page 8. For the text of the Magna Carta, see tion/mc_trans.html. GEORGIA MAGAZINE winter and new branches will sprout from the base, creating a more compact form. Connie Cottingham is a freelance garden writer, master gardener, garden club member and landscape architect who gardens in Zone 7b Athens. How are the plants selected? Plants are chosen by the Georgia Plant Selections Committee, a nonprofi t organization composed of professionals in the horticulture industry. For more information, visit www.georgiagoldmedal American Beautyberry, Callicarpa americana GEORGIA GOLD MEDAL PROGRAM Bonus content

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Georgia Magazine - November 2011

Georgia Magazine - November 2011
Picture This?
Georgia News
Calendar of Events
Special Energy Report
Generations of Growing
A Productive State
Around Georgia
My Georgia
Georgia Cooks
Bonus Snapshot Submissions
Gardens Plant of the Month: Liberty Notes
Energy-Efficiency Tips
Second Helping: More Great Recipes

Georgia Magazine - November 2011