Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 49

Room to grow
While contemplating location, you need to decide if
you want fish. This will help to answer the question of
how big to make your pond. If you want only plants, it
really doesn't need to be any deeper than 18 to 24 inches
and the total volume does not matter. To have fish, you
need deeper water and significantly more space.
A good rule of thumb for goldfish is 50 gallons per
fish and an area at least 2.5 feet deep. Because koi grow
larger and have a different diet, you need at least 300 gallons of water per fish and a depth of more than 3 feet.
Larger pond volumes make maintaining water quality

easier, and deeper water also stays cool in the summer
and warm enough in the winter-insurance against Georgia's wide swing of temperatures.
Like a natural pond, you need a variety of water
depths. Marginal or "bog" plants, such as irises, need shallow water less than 6 inches deep, so design in some
"shelves" for these types of potted plants to sit on. Other
common and easy-to-grow plants, like pickerel rush or
arrowhead plants, can thrive in a foot of water once established. And some waterlilies, the crown jewels of the
garden pond, need at least a couple feet of depth. They
may spread 6 to 8 feet horizontally, so make sure your
vision for the types of plants you want matches the space
you have in mind.

It's a botanical garden, an aquarium and
an ongoing chemistry experiment-a
little millpond and a little Monet.
Designing your pond
Once you select a size and location, it's time to start
thinking about a design. Fortunately, numerous websites
Besides providing a retreat for humans, a pond attracts other water- offer photos for ideas. Use a length of rope or garden
loving animals, such as this Southern leopard frog.
hose to outline your potential pond's shape. View the
outline of your project from a distance and make adjustments until
you are satisfied. You can drive stakes
and use string to visualize elevated
areas where a stream for your waterfall might begin and the amount of
dirt you will have to excavate.
Now you can figure out the
width of border you want and start
working to pick out one of the countless types and colors of stone. Make
sure the border can be mowed
around and edged without getting
grass clippings in the water.
The part of your pond design
that will create the most character is
also the element that will ensure the
best water quality. The sound of a
splashing waterfall covers noises
around you and transforms your yard
into a refuge. Rushing water also
provides biological and mechanical
filtration and aeration, all critical for
Stacked-stone pond borders conceal the liner around the pond's edge, helping to make a
keeping your water clear and your
man-made addition appear to be a natural feature in your garden.
fish alive.
September 2017

More online at www.georgiamagazine.org

49


http://www.georgiamagazine.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Georgia Magazine - September 2017

Contents
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - Intro
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - Cover1
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - Cover2
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 3
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - Contents
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 5
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 6
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 7
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 8
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 9
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 10
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 11
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 12
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 13
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 14
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 15
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 16
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 17
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 18
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 19
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 20
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 21
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 22
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 23
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 24
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 25
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 26
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 27
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 28
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 29
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 30
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 31
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 32
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 33
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 34
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 35
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 36
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 37
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 38
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 39
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 40
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 40A
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 40B
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 40C
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 40D
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 41
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 42
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 43
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 44
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 45
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 46
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 47
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 48
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 49
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 50
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 51
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 52
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 53
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 54
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 55
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 56
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 57
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 58
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 58A
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 58B
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 58C
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 58D
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - Cover3
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - Cover4
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