Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 50

At a minimum, you want to pump 50 percent of your
pond's volume through the waterfall every hour. The easiest way to build a waterfall is to start with a waterfall filter, which is basically a large plastic tub with an inlet on
the bottom and a flattened lip on one side of the top.
There is room inside for filter media, which provide a
place for beneficial bacteria to grow. Plastic bio-balls are
a common medium.
The sky's the limit on how your waterfall cascades
down into your pond. Using the same liner material for
your pond as a waterproof base, you can direct the water
from your waterfall filter over as many drop-offs and
around as many rocks as your location permits. Just try to
make your waterfall proportionate to your pond and provide enough elevation change to make a loud enough
splash.

The sound of a
splashing waterfall
covers noises around
you and transforms
your yard into a
refuge.

Maintaining your pond
A garden pond is truly a small ecosystem. Once established, it will become a home for the plants and fish
you introduce and a collection of animals that will join the
new environment, including frogs (and plenty of frog
eggs and tadpoles if you don't have fish to eat them),
snails, dragonflies and butterflies. It will require regular
maintenance, including testing water, routinely deadheading blooms and removing dying leaves, occasionally battling algae and winterizing to protect your plants from
frost.
If you choose to add fish, your pond will move to
new levels of fun and responsibility. Fish make biologic
waste, which feeds algae and can push nitrates and ammonia to dangerous levels. Your plants help to counteract
this by feeding on the waste and returning oxygen to the
water.
"Fish just make maintenance more difficult and timeconsuming," Davis says. "Removing algae or any other

Blue pickerel rush (Pontederia cordata) is an easy-care pond plant
that is native to Georgia. When the plant is partially submerged, the
leaves provide shade to help prevent excess algae growth.

cleaning has to be done without harming fish, which
eliminates the use of some chemicals."
Your choices for fish are typically either goldfish or
koi. Certainly, goldfish are cheaper to purchase and do
not grow as large as koi. While both can live for many
years, koi can reach more than 2 feet in length and weigh
more than 20 pounds, so they will need more space. Koi
are also not compatible with all plants, as they will voraciously feed on some pond vegetation. Both are susceptible to predators, such as herons or raccoons.

Tips for safety, success

Getting away from it all can be as simple as stepping out the back
door and spending a little time by your garden pond.
50

Safety is always important. Before beginning any excavation, call Georgia 811 or visit georgia811.com to be
sure you are digging responsibly. And you will need some
electrical expertise or an electrician to safely run power.
Regardless of your design or who installs your pond,
a few basic tips will make building and maintaining your
water garden easier. First of all, build your pond deeper
than you initially think you should. You won't regret it.

More online at www.georgiamagazine.org

(Continued on page 53)
GEORGIA MAGAZINE


http://www.georgia811.com http://www.georgiamagazine.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Georgia Magazine - September 2017

Contents
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - Intro
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - Cover1
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - Cover2
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 3
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - Contents
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 5
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 6
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 7
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 8
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 9
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 10
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 11
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 12
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 13
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 14
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 15
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 16
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 17
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 18
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 19
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 20
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 21
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 22
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 23
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 24
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 25
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 26
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 27
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 28
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 29
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 30
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 31
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 32
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 33
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 34
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 35
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 36
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 37
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 38
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 39
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 40
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 40A
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 40B
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 40C
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 40D
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 41
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 42
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 43
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 44
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 45
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 46
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 47
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 48
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 49
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 50
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 51
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 52
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 53
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 54
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 55
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 56
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 57
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 58
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 58A
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 58B
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 58C
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - 58D
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - Cover3
Georgia Magazine - September 2017 - Cover4
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