Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 24

Cumberland Island National
Seashore Visitor Center,
101 Wheeler St., St. Marys.
(912) 882-4336. nps.gov/cuis.

Not without controversy

Cumberland Island is one of the
few places in the world where
wild horses can be seen roaming
on an undeveloped beach.

Some environmentalists express apprehension about the needs of
the island's equine inhabitants, particularly regarding the impact of their
grazing on native flora. The herd can forage 200 to 400 tons of vegetation
annually.
"The feral horses on Cumberland Island are considered non-natives,
which are classified as any species that lives outside its natural range,"
Hamilton-Anderson says. "Non-natives can threaten the ecosystem by
destroying things that native inhabitants need to survive.
"The park service is concerned about the effects of grazing on the
marsh grasses for several reasons. The reduction of vegetation causes
erosion and weakens the dunes and shoreline. Plus, native species are
now competing with the horses for food sources. Part of our mission is
helping educate the public about the balance between the feral horses
and the issues surrounding them."

Visiting the island
The Cumberland Island National Seashore Visitor Center at
St. Marys is the access point for visitors to the island. The Cumberland
Queen ferry is the only means of transportation other than private boat
or charter services. The ferry leaves from St. Marys and docks near the
Ranger Station, also known as Sea Camp, on the south end of the island.
Cumberland has more than 50 miles of trails and roads, but vehicles
are not allowed other than bicycles and vehicles that are used for park
operations or that belong to Cumberland residents. Several tours are
offered, including self-guided walks featuring wayside interpretive
exhibits. A daylong tour by van requires reservations and includes the
north end of the island, where visitors can see the Settlement village built
by descendants of former slaves and the First African Baptist Church,
which served as the heart of this community.
Visitors can camp on the island in the five designated campgrounds,
most of which are accessible by backpacking. They also can stay at the
privately owned Greyfield Inn, built by the Carnegie family in 1890 and
still operated by Carnegie descendants.
"As a national seashore, Cumberland Island is basically undeveloped, so visitors should be aware that other than restrooms and water
fountains, there are few amenities. They are coming to a natural and
historic preserve," Hamilton-Anderson says. "The island, its horses and
its history are truly a treasure."
Pamela A. Keene is a freelance writer living in Flowery Branch.

24

Georgia Magazine

October 2020

ISTOCK.COM / SILVRSHOOTR

ISTOCK.COM / BEACHCOTTAGEPHOTOGRAPHY

When you go

The story of Dungeness
The history of the Dungeness Mansion goes
back to the early days of Georgia. It's thought that
James Oglethorpe built the first Dungeness as a
hunting lodge on the 1,100-acre property in the
early 1700s. About 80 years later, Catherine Greene,
the widow of Revolutionary War hero Nathanael
Greene, built a four-story home, also named
Dungeness, on the same land. She lived there until
her death in 1814.
The home was abandoned during the Civil War
and burned in 1866. By the 1880s, as wealthy families moved south to build winter homes, Thomas
and Lucy Carnegie purchased the property and
built an expansive Queen Anne-style home, which
they named Dungeness. The 59-room mansion included an indoor swimming pool and outbuildings
for more than 200 servants. Various family members
inhabited Dungeness until the Great Depression
made its upkeep cost-prohibitive.
The Carnegies eventually moved out of the
mansion, leaving it vacant for many years. It burned
in 1959, leaving only brick and stone walls, chimneys and stairs to remind visitors of the wealth that
once flourished on the island.


http://www.nps.gov/cuis

Georgia Magazine - October 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Georgia Magazine - October 2020

Contents
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - Intro
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - Cover1
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - Cover2
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - Contents
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 4
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 5
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 6
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 7
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 8
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 9
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 10
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 11
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 12
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 13
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 14
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 15
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 16
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 17
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 18
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 19
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 20
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 21
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 22
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 23
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 24
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 25
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 26
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 27
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 28
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 29
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 30
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 31
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 32
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 33
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 34
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 35
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 36
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 37
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - 38
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - Cover3
Georgia Magazine - October 2020 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_202011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_202010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_202009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_202008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_202007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_202006
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_202005
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_202004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_202003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_202002
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_202001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201912
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201911
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201906
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201905
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201903
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201902
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201812
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201811
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201809
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201808
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201807
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201806
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201805
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201804
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201803
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201802
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201801
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201712
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201711
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201710
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201709
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201707
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201706
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201705
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201704
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201703
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201702
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201701
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201612
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201611
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201610
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201609
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201608
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201606
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201605
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201604
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201603
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201602
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201601
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201512
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201511
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201510
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201509
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201508
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201507
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201505
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201504
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201503
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201502
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201501
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/libertynotes_billofrights
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201412
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201411
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201410
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201409
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201408
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201407
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201406
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201405
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201404
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201403
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201402
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201401
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201312
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201311
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201310
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201309
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201308
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201307
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201306
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201305
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201303
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201302
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201301
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201212
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201211
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201210
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201209
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201208
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201207
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201206
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201205
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201204
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201203
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201202
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201201
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_realitycheck
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201111
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201110
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201109
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201108
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201107
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201106
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201105
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201103
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201101
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201006
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201005
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201002
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_201001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_200912
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_200911
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/gemc/georgia_200910
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com