2021 BQ Journal Vol 42 - 15

PREVENTING CHRONIC DISEASE

VOLUME 17, E123

PUBLIC HEALTH RESEARCH, PRACTICE, AND POLICY

OCTOBER 2020

Tables
Table 1. Summary of Key Analysis Assumptions Used to Estimate the Effects of Colorectal Cancer and Women's Breast and Cervical Cancers in the United States
Analysis Assumption

Breast Cancer

Study cohort

Cervical Cancer

Colorectal Cancer

50-year-old women

21-year-old women

50-year-old men and women

Screening age

50-74 y

21-65 y

50-75 y

Eligible US population for the test (million)b

48.7

96.7

95.9

Follow-up period

Lifetime or until death by any cause

a

a

Screening tests included

Mammogram

Cytology or pap smear

High-sensitivity FOBT, flexible sigmoidoscopy, or
colonoscopy

Screening intervalsa

Every 2 years

Every 3 years

Annual screening with high-sensitivity FOBT
Sigmoidoscopy every 5 years, with high-sensitivity
FOBT every 3 years
Screening colonoscopy every 10 years

c

78.3

79.9

67.7

Age eligible
US population screened in baseline
(millions)b

37.4

76.8

63.5

Other screening scenarios (number of additional
people needed to be screened
to reach the goal [in
millions] by cancer typeb)

Increase in baseline rate by 10 percentage points (breast, 4.8; cervical, 9.6; colorectal, 9.4)
Screening rate of 90% (breast, 5.6; cervical, 9.7; colorectal, 20.9)
Screening rate of 100% (breast, 10.4; cervical, 19.3; colorectal, 30.3)

Baseline screening rate (%)

Abbreviations: BRFSS, Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System; FOBT, fecal occult blood test.
a
Based on US Preventive Services Task Force recommendations, 2008.
b
Author calculations based on annual estimates of the resident population by sex, race, and Hispanic origin for 2016 from the US Census.
c
Based on BRFSS 2016 data (7).

The opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services,
the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions.

6

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention * www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2020/20_0039.htm

Diagnostics I Pharmaceuticals I DxRx Solutions I Continuing Education I News
15

A Henry Schein Publication


http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2020/20_0039.htm

2021 BQ Journal Vol 42

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