Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 10

Lighting for Isolation on the Thrust Stage
CHARLES E. WILLIAMS
The University of Calgary

One of the main design problems facing the I ighting designer for the thrust stage is that of physical isolation. The
thrust stage invites the concept of detached acting areas,
pools of light, separated from the rest of the stage by darkness. The rapid change of location, time etc. that is an integral part of many plays, (Shakespeare, for example) can be
best handled by placing various scenes in different parts of
the stage and lighting them so that there is no spill from
one scene location to another. In television or motion pictures, this rapid change and isolation is easily accomplished.
The spectator's view can be restricted by the camera so
that he sees only what he is supposed to see. On the
stage, the solution is not so simple. With a proscenium
stage and with the audience oriented as a unit in one basic
direction, the problem is not severe. A single spot picks out
the relevant action and the remainder of the stage remains
dark. It is when the action is transplanted to a thrust stage
that the problems multiply and become complex. .
Since the definition for a thrust stage form is extremely
fluid, it would be wise and consider the form as it presently
exists. The term "thrust stage" is usually applied to all
forms of staging in which part or all of the stage is thrust
toward the audience, and more properly into the area usually
reserved for the audience. The least extreme example is
that of a forestage extension in front of the standard proscenium arch. This commonly results in a very few members
of the audience on the sides of the thrust, with the vast
majority retaining a standard "proscenium view" of the
stage and the actors. At the other extreme is what might
better be described as a "peninsular" stage, that is a deep
thrust into the auditorium with a large segment of the audience on the sides of the stage, able to view the back of an
actor facing front. A second commonly encountered feature
of this latter form is a steeply raked auditorium, giving most
of the spectators a downward viewing angle somewhat akin
to a hospital operating theatre. The peninsular stage may be
backed with a wall or occasionally a proscenium stage.

Figure 1: Two instruments immediately adjacent in a horizontal plane
Figure 2: Two instruments close together in a vertical
plane (not to exceed 20°)

Although the peninsular stage can be used for reali stic production, it is not ideal for that style, being much better
suited for non-realistic production which can make use of the
freedom inherent in the stage form. Rapid change of scene
can be accomplished with use of small scenic elements and
selective stage lighting, achieving a result which approaches
that of television in cutting from camera to camera. It is in
relation to this type of production that many of the special
problems of the form arise.

1. For what is perhaps the most careful discussion on terminology of
theatre forms, see the USITI's working paper "Theatre Terminology: On
the Clarification of Names (USITT, August 1963, mimeograph format, in
14 pages.) I have myself conducted a statistical survey (as yet unpub·
lished) which indicates that a statistically significant majority of the 152
technicians and designers surveyed in the United States were calling this
form either "thrust·stage" or "three·quarter round theatre," with a slight
preference for the latter term. Almost certainly usage has shifted in favor
of "thrust stage" since that time. (Editor)

10

[]illLJ THEATRE DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY

FEBRUARY, 1969



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969

Contents
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 1
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 2
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 3
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - Contents
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 5
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 6
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 7
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 8
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 9
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 10
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 11
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 12
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 13
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 14
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 15
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 16
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 17
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 18
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 19
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 20
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 21
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 22
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 23
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 24
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 25
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 26
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 27
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 28
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 29
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 30
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 31
Theatre Design & Technology - Feb 1969 - 32
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2020winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2020winter_public
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2019fall_public
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2019fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2019summer_public
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2019summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2019spring_public
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2019spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/usitt_techexpoguide_2019_public
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/usitt_techexpoguide_2019
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2019winter_public
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2019winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2018fall_public
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2018fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2018summer_public
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2018summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2018spring_public
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2018spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2018winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2017fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2017fall_public
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2017summer_public
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2017summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2017spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2017spring_public
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/usitt_techexpoguide_2017_public
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/usitt_techexpoguide_2017
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2017winter_public
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2017winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2016fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2016summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2016spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2016spring_public
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2016winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2015fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2015summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2015spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2015winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2014fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2014summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2013winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2013summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2013fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2013spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2012winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2012fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2012summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2012spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2011winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2011fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2011summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2011spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2010winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2010fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2010summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2010spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2009winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2009fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2009summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2009spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2008winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2008fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2008summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2008spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2007winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2007fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2007summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2007spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2006winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2006fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2006summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2006spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2005winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2005fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2005summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2005spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2004winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2004fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2004summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2004spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2003winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2003fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2003summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2003spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2002winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2002fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2002summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2002spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2001winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2001fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2001summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2001spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2000winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2000fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2000summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_2000spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1999winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1999fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1999summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1999spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1998winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1998fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1998summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1998spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1997winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1997fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1997summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1997spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1996winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1996fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1996summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1996spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1995winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1995fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1995summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1995spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1994winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1994fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1994summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1994spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1993winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1993fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1993summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1993spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1992winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1992fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1992summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1992spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1991winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1991fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1991summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1991spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1990fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1990summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1990spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1989winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1989fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1989summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1989spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1988winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1988winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1988fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1988summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1988spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1987winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1987fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1987summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1987spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1986winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1986fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1986summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1986spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1985winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1985fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1985summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1985spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1984fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1984summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1984spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1983winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1983fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1983summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1983spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1982winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1982fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1982summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1982spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1981winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1981fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1981summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1981spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1980winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1980fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1980summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1980spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1979winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1979fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1979summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1979spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1978winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1978fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1978summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1978spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1977winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1977fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1977summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1977spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1976winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1976fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1976summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1976spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1975winter
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1975fall
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1975summer
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1975spring
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1974Dec
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1974Oct
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1974May
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1974Feb
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1973Dec
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1973Oct
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1973May
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1973Feb
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1972Dec
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1972Oct
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1972May
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1972Feb
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1971Dec
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1971Oct
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1971May
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1971Feb
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1970Dec
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1970Oct
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1970May
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1970Feb
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1969Dec
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1969Oct
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1969May
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1969Feb
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1968Dec
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1968Oct
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1968May
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1968Feb
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1967Dec
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1967Oct
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1967May
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1967Feb
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1966Dec
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1966Oct
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1966May
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1966Feb
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1965Dec
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1965Oct
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1965May
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com