Theatre Design & Technology - May 1969 - 26


_ * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *_ Thomas Watson

Books Received: (Persons wishing to review these or
other appropriate new book titles should contact Associate
Editor Thomas Watson, University Theatre, University of
Delaware, Newark, Delaware.)
The Five C's of Cinematography. J.
ascelli; American Cinematog·
rapher Manual; Practical Stage Make-Up, Perrattet; Magic of Make·
Up for the Stage, H. Melvill; Sword and Masque. Julius Palffy·Alpar;
A Stage Fight. William Hobbs: Beyond Broadway, Julius
The Evolution of Fashion, Margot Hill & Peter Brecknell: Body and
Clothes, Brody·Johansen; Costumes in England {2 vols.), Fa"holt;
Textile Printing & Dyeing, Proud; Costume Design and Making,
Fernald & Shenton; Baroque and Romantic Stage Design, Scholz &
Mayor; Research Report, Mark R. Sumner; An Introduction to the
Theatre (3rd ed.), Whiting; O'Neill's Scenic Images, Tuisanen; The
Torment of Man, Kafka; Restoration of Fords Theatre, U.S. Dept. of
Interior; Divisible Auditorium. Education Facilities Laboratories; Archi·

tecture in Transition. C.A. Doxiodls: The Sydney Opera House AHair.
Michael Baurne; An International Vocabulary of Technical Theatre
Terms, Rae & Southern; Collected Papers on Acoustics, Wallace
Sabine; The Technique of Television Announcing, Bruce leWIS; Cine·
ma and Vafue Philosophy, J. C. McGuire; What Is Cinema? Andre
Bazin; Stage Design, Kenneth Rowell; Play with Light and Shadow,
Herta SCh6newolf; Russian Stage and Costume Designs, Internation
Exhibition Foundation; Theatre in America, The Impact of Economic
Forces, 1870·1967, Jack Poggi; The Theatrical Response, Cameron
& Hoffman; The Picture Palace and Other Buildings for the Movies.
D. Sharp; Weapons in the Theatre, A Wise; A Bibliographical Ac·
count of English Theatrical Literature, R. Lowe; Costume in England
(3rd. ed.), H. Dillon.

Chapman and Hall Ltd" 1960, U.S. Distributor: Barnes
and Noble, N,Y, $1200,
PRINCIPLES OF ILLUMINATION can be classed as a standard
textbook on illumination engineering. It is the usual generalized treatment of the subj ect without either depth or rigour
and can be considered at the level of an elementary college
text. A traditional introductory physics course will provide
an adequate background for understanding the material. In
some sections, a knowledge of calculus to the extent of
differentiation and integration is necessary. However, much
of the book is descriptive rather than analytical. Even without
a knowledge of calculus, this book is of value. For the most
part, the material is well prepared and clearly presented,

PLANNING AND BUILDING. New York: Educational Facilities
Laboratories, Inc" 1964. pp. 168. Single copies avail able
at no cost from Educational Facil ities Laboratories, 477 Madison Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10022,

The first part of the book is devoted to a discussion of the
nature of Iight and radiation, reflection, simple lenses, dispersion, and the eye and vision. Then the basic quantities
and nomenclature of illumination are introduced. These are
simply presented but lack precision. As such, they are easy
to understand and adequate for an introductory presentation,
Following this, elementary calculations of illumination and flux
for various simple situations are discussed, Next, color is
treated from a physical, or psychophysical, basis; this is
useful as an introduction to the methods of calculation in
the realm of color. The psychological and visual aspects of
color are not considered. Finally, a survey of photometric
measurement techniques is presented.
The second half of the book covers sources and specific
applications of light. Standard incandescent sources are discussed, but. due to the 1960 publication date, newer
sources such as tungsten-halogen lamps are not included.
Various forms of discharge lamps are considered, but there
is I ittle information relating to the lamps commonly used
in this country today, The final chapters deal with interior
illumination calculations, daylighting practices, and street
lighting. These are the sections where the divergence of
British and U, S. philosophy and methods are most evident.
Also, the rapid developments of standards and practices in
recent years have made much of this material dated by
1960, As one specific example, the Harrison-Anderson
method of determining coefficients of utilization is given.
This technique has been considered obsolete in the U.S.
The first half of this book is recommended to those who
wish to survey the basic ideas of Iighting terminology,
measurement, calculation, and control without pursuing these
factors in depth, The material on light sources is useful but
incomplete, Those who are interested in present practices
of illumination engineering will have to search elsewhere,

Robert E. Levin
Sylvania Electric Products Inc,


BRICKS AND MORTARBOARDS is EFL's report on the techniques of planning college buildings. It was prepared for
"people who make basic decisions affecting the future of
American higher education-college trustees, corporation and
foundation executives, lawmakers and potential donors," but
I believe it contains important ideas for theatre planners as
well. Central to the book's message is EFL's contention
that two aspects of higher education are changing so rapidly
as to make overly precise planning as dangerous as no planning at all. First is the incredible explosion of the college
population predicted through 1975. Second, and more difficult to deal with, is the rapid development of technology in
several contributing disciplines.

the book does not specifically consider theatre
(there are chapters on Laboratories, Classrooms,
Dormitories and the Campus as a whole), some
seem relevant to the problems of the theatre

In the sciences, the traditional academic departments-Biology, Physics, Chemistry-are continually developing new relationships to each other-biochemistry, Physical Chemistry,
Biophysics. The EFL report takes the position that architects
and planners must provide space for the sciences that satisfies present needs but is flexible enough to provide for invisible future needs. Because no one can say with certainty
just what the needs of the various science departments will
be in, say, 1980, it is a mistake (the Laboratory suggests)
to fix architecturally permanent departmental relationships or
even permanent laboratory equipment.
BRICKS AND MORTARBOARDS suggests that we cannot erect
buildings just for today's population and technologies, We
mu st probe the future and attempt to design wi th its requirements in mind. Like the scientist, the theatre worker
cannot predict with certainty the state of his art in 1980;
this report shows how other types of buildings with complicated and sometimes conflicting functions can work toward
built-in future adaptability, The theatrical applications are
there for the taking.

Michael Birtwistle
Western Reserve University
Oren Parker and Harvey K. Smith. New York: Holt, Rinehart
and Winston, 1968,496 pp" Ills" biblio., index, $8,95.


MAY, 1969


Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Theatre Design & Technology - May 1969

Theatre Design & Technology - May 1969 - 1
Theatre Design & Technology - May 1969 - 2
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Theatre Design & Technology - May 1969 - Contents
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