Theatre Design & Technology - Winter 2005 - 57

front of the trough-with a piece of heavyweight muslin to give us a paintable surface
and to provide appropriate traction for the
performers. We were prepared to paint it with
a sawdust texture for extra traction, but found
that to be an unnecessary step.
A storefront wall, 16 feet tall, was built
just downstage of the trough on top of 2x4s,
laid flat. These sleepers provided an open passage for the rain water to flow beneath the
façade into the trough.
My primary concern when designing the
storefront wall was to make it look realistic in
the rain. I knew that water running smoothly
down a flat painted surface would destroy the
illusion so I designed several three-dimensional elements into the storefront façade. Half
of the wall was covered in brick facing and the
other half was covered in lap siding. Both
these surfaces caused the water to ripple and
splash as it ran down. Two doorways and two
windows, all of which were trimmed with 2˝x
3˝ molding, created more protrusions to break
the smooth flow of water. We also added an
awning over one of the windows. This worked
extremely well because it not only provided a
large surface for the water to bounce off but
also created large puddles under its corners
for the actors to splash in.

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We used two redundant systems-two pumps,
two garden hoses and two runs of sprinkler
hose-just in case one of the systems failed we
would still have at least half of the rain effect.

Light trickling through the water cascading across the large windows also helped enhance the illusion of realistic rain. We used
heat-shrink plastic for window glass, the kind
used to provide some window insulation in
winter, because it was lighter and less expensive than Plexiglas.

W

ater was pumped to the top of
the 16-foot wall unit through garden hoses
where sprinkler hoses running across the top
of the wall sprayed fine streams of water down56

W I N T E R

ward and onto the face of the wall. We used
two redundant systems-two pumps, two garden hoses and two runs of sprinkler hose-
just in case one of the systems failed we would
still have at least half of the rain effect. A baffle
hid the sprinkler hoses and their plywood supports from view of the audience. Much of the
water hit the baffle and as it dripped down
helped add texture to the rain. When we first
tested the system, we discovered that the holes
in the sprinkler hose were not sufficient, so we
drilled 8˝ holes at selected spots to spray
heavily on the windows and trim. Drilling
through the hose at different angles helped direct the spray somewhat but precise directionality couldn't be achieved.
The rain wagon unit could be moved by
two people, although four made it easier to
precisely hit its spike location. Prior to moving
the unit, the running crew poured a bucket of
water on the front floor to prepare the muslin
(the muslin wouldn't drain the water into the
trough until it had been saturated) and this created puddles for the actor to play with. Once
rolled into place, the crew ran a standard extension cord to a power strip into which the pumps
and the streetlight were plugged. The rain began
immediately because the system was primed
during a pickup rehearsal before each perfor-

2 0 0 5

TD & T

mance. It took less than twenty seconds to fill
the hoses prior to spraying.
As planned, after the rain fell for a minute
and the muslin became saturated, the water
began to refill the trough. The self-contained
rain unit held enough water that it didn't need
refilling between performances. The heavyweight muslin protected the plastic undercoating-we didn't experience any leaking
through to the platforms, and the rain flowed
smoothly under the façade. The texture of the
muslin created natural puddles for the actor to
stomp and splash in.

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Tips and tricks:

An
extra long hose will facilitate bringing water to
the rain wagon and also removing it. I first
filled the unit by rolling it into place, put one of
the pumps into a bucket collecting water from
a faucet in the scene shop, and let it rain onto
the unit and into the trough. After matinee performances, we used a different hose to pump
the water out into the sink, so the unit could
dry before pickup rehearsal. The header/baffle
worked well to keep the water from spraying
off the front and sides of the platform. Keeping the
hose within six inches from the façade wall adequately allowed the water to fill the platform.
The water needs to be treated right away
with some type of fungicide or algaecide. It's
amazing how quickly standing water begins to
smell. The fact that the water picked up dirt
and dust from the floor of the platform contributed to its deterioration. We purchased water
clearing solution at a hot tub store, avoiding chlorine to save costumes and scenic paint.
Originally, I planned to heat the water to a
comfortable temperature by pumping the water from the collecting trough into a garbage
can equipped with a heater. However, this extra step was never taken, partly because the
cost of a temperature regulating system was
prohibitive and partly because the short scene
in which the actors get wet takes place immediately before an intermission so they were
able to quickly get out of the wet clothes and
dry off. Side light worked best to highlight the
water, though a gobo wash, some fog, and
backlight through the windows also helped.
The cost of the materials in this rain
wagon was approximately $600. We used stock
platforms and we kept the technology simple,
requiring only inexpensive hardware found in
local stores. ❖

Kade Mendelowitz is an associate
professor, lighting designer and technical
director for the theatre department at
University of Alaska, Fairbanks.



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Theatre Design & Technology - Winter 2005

Contents
Theatre Design & Technology - Winter 2005 - 1
Theatre Design & Technology - Winter 2005 - 2
Theatre Design & Technology - Winter 2005 - 3
Theatre Design & Technology - Winter 2005 - Contents
Theatre Design & Technology - Winter 2005 - 5
Theatre Design & Technology - Winter 2005 - 6
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https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1980summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1980spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1979winter
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1979fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1979summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1979spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1978winter
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1978fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1978summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1978spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1977winter
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1977fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1977summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1977spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1976winter
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1976fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1976summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1976spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1975winter
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1975fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1975summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1975spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1974Dec
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1974Oct
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1974May
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1974Feb
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1973Dec
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1973Oct
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1973May
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1973Feb
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1972Dec
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1972Oct
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1972May
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1972Feb
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1971Dec
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1971Oct
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https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1970Dec
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https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1970May
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1970Feb
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1969Dec
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1969Oct
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1969May
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1969Feb
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1968Dec
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1968Oct
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1968May
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1968Feb
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1967Dec
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1967Oct
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1967May
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1967Feb
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1966Dec
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1966Oct
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1966May
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1966Feb
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1965Dec
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1965Oct
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/hickmanbrady/tdt_1965May
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