Theatre Design & Technology - Fall 2008 - 37

areas of legitimate complaint. The first failure is a floor plan
that builds in obstacles, creates frustrating inefficiency in the
functional relationships of rooms and spaces, adds to labor
and effort, and thus locks-in challenges to creative operation for the life of the building. (An effective floor plan allows
the complex functions of a performing arts building to work
and inter-relate smoothly-often twenty-four hours a day.)
The second failure is wasted space. With construction costs
of $500 to $600 per sq. ft. (and often far more), a design
with many areas of wasted space is inexcusable. If we look
closely at the floor plans of large arts centers-400,000 to
(would you believe) over 500,00 square feet-you are likely
to find excessive corridors needed to link poorly placed function areas. A small-scale example of wasted volume is a recent
750-seat theater project with a balcony served by a modest
(but forty-foot high) lobby which was mostly eaten up with
ramps getting to an elevator and then also connected to hallways leading to vast stairwells in the back of the building
which doubled back to reach the balcony floor level (!). Another example is the recent major arts center with multiple
halls cocooned under very a high glass roof pointlessly covering the separate buildings and with almost no circulation or
visual advantages to the costly enclosure at the lower levels
where people need to be. (This project is the subject of an
ongoing "design errors" and "cost over-runs" lawsuit against
the architect.) Finally, the same cocoon idea is repeated in Bei-

36

theatre

design

&

technology

F

A

L

L

2008

Figure 4. The Low-Slope Main Floor
Today's generic galleried theatre plan usually
comes with an insufficiently sloped main
(orchestra) floor. This makes it easier to arrange
the floor levels of balcony and side galleries,
but at the price of impacting viewing at the
many main level seats as well as the higher side
galleries.

jing's newest performing arts center, which shares the same
problem of significant extra cost to maintain HVAC for the gigantic but superfluous internal volume. These and other cases
are examples of projects with counter-productive rather than
rigorous and smart design-where millions of dollars were
spent on spaces and features which should never have been
created in the first place. And even if the spaces are reasonably
correct, there can be an issue of under-informed design treatment. As one example, I am amazed at the increasing number
of theatres with all-white interiors, ensuring that the hall itself
fights the drama on stage for controlled lighting impact-and
proper attention? Given the experienced architects and consultants involved, and with the benefit of all the preceding history
of performing arts architecture, do some of our architects and
consultants and our design culture need a tune-up?



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Theatre Design & Technology - Fall 2008

Contents
Theatre Design & Technology - Fall 2008 - 1
Theatre Design & Technology - Fall 2008 - 2
Theatre Design & Technology - Fall 2008 - 3
Theatre Design & Technology - Fall 2008 - Contents
Theatre Design & Technology - Fall 2008 - 5
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