Theatre Design & Technology - Spring 2012 - 20

Figure 2. Sabbattini's Stage,
computer model.

Figure 3. Motta's Ideal Theatre,
computer model.

Figure 4. Hannover Opera House,
computer model.

18

theatre design

& technology

spring

2012

"the heavens opened revealing a consistory of
some twenty pagan deities . . ." (Nagler 1964,
89). Ser Jacopi, the engineer entrusted with the
supervision of the technical production, recorded
that the crew "stood ready by the grooves in which
the shutter was pushed to expose the central opening in the heavens" (Nagler 1964, 78).
From the descriptions of the heavens or
shutters opening, it is apparent that this effect
took place on the inner stage. The inner stage
(prospetta) was located upstage behind the shutters that closed the main performance area. The
inner stage was used primarily to extend the perspective scene or to preset spectacular machinery that would be revealed to the audience. The
inner stage was described or depicted in all of the
books on theatres and stagecraft and shown in
the collections of drawings of theatres that were
published in the seventeenth century. However,
none of these sources describe an upper level on
the inner stage that could be used for these spectacular displays.
Both Nicola Sabbattini's 1638 Pratica di
Fabricar Scene e Machine ne' Teatri 1 and Josef
Furttenbach's 1640 Architectura Recreationis
describe late sixteenth- or early seventeenthcentury stage houses. Although Sabbattini does
not refer to an inner stage, he discusses several
machines that are located behind the shutters.
Unfortunately there are no full floor plans or sections in Sabbattini's Pratica (Hewitt 1958, 37 ff.)
to show the size or details of the inner stage area.
Josef Furttenbach, however, shows an inner stage
area in his plans and sections in his 1640 Architectura Civili (Hewitt 1958, 184 ff.), but they do
not include an upper inner stage. A computer
model of the stage and scenery necessary for plays
with intermezzi as described by Sabbattini are
shown in figure 2. This reconstruction and the
ones that follow have been simplified for clarity by
removing the borders and overhead details.
Later in the seventeenth century Fabrizio
Carini Motta described the construction of theatres in his 1676 Trattato sopra la struttura de'
Theatri e scene and the theatrical machinery and
stage house details in his Costruzione de teatri e
macchine teatrali dated 1688. Like Sabbattini's
stage, Motta's stage used shutters to close the rear
of the scene (prospettiva). Motta does not refer
to an inner stage, but a plan shows an area behind the rearmost shutter designated for manually placed wings to extend the perspective vista.
His drawings do not show nor does he discuss an
upper inner stage. Figure 3 is a computer model



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Theatre Design & Technology - Spring 2012

Contents
Theatre Design & Technology - Spring 2012 - 1
Theatre Design & Technology - Spring 2012 - 2
Theatre Design & Technology - Spring 2012 - 3
Theatre Design & Technology - Spring 2012 - Contents
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