Theatre Design & Technology - Spring 2012 - 21

Figure 5. Florimene,
computer model.

Figure 6. Teatro San Salvatore, stage view. MS 3708, courtesy of the
Biblioteca Palatina, Parma, Italy.

Figure 7. Teatro San
Salvatore, computer model.
based upon Motta's instructions for his "ideal
theatre." 2
A series of drawings 3 of the 1688 Hannover Opera House published in the 1744-1748
Ausğrliche Anleitungen zur Burgerlichen
Bau-Kunst "constitute the only complete sets
of plans for an actual seventeenth-century opera
house known to exist" (Ault 1992, 18). An inner stage area (hinterstage) behind the shutters was used for manually placed wings, but
no upper inner stage is shown in the drawings.
Figure 4 is a computer model based upon the
Hannover Opera House drawings.
Another source, the 1688 travel journal of
Nicodemus Tessin the Younger details several of
the theatres and many machines in the Venetian
opera houses. He described the manual placement of wings in the inner stage area, but he

makes no mention of an upper inner stage. A
more limited source, the floor plan and section
of the seventeenth-century Venetian Teatro SS.
Giovanni e Paolo,4 shows an inner stage area,
but again does not have any indication of an upper inner stage. No seventeenth-century stages
have survived in their original form.
The eighteenth-century publications are
no more helpful. The Encyclopédie, edited by
Diderot and d'Alembert, details the stage house
of the large 1770 Paris Opera. There was no inner stage or upper inner stage shown, although
one plate identifies a room at the back of the
stage that could be used to extend the perspective on the already very deep stage. The other
major eighteenth- and nineteenth-century publications such as Dumont's Parallèle des plans
des plus belles salles d'Italie avec des détails

spring

2012

de machines théâtrales (1763) and Contant
and Filippi's Parallèle des principaux théâtres
modernes de l'Europe et des machines théâtrales francaises, allemandes et anglaises
(1860) that detail theatres and their stage houses do not illustrate an upper inner stage in any
of the many theatres depicted in the publications.
A number of eighteenth-century court, monastery, and civic theatres have survived, but none of
them have an upper inner stage. In fact, they do
not have a significant inner stage area at all.
In spite of the fact that the major published
sources from the seventeenth and eighteenth
centuries do not show or describe an upper inner stage, there are several unpublished manuscripts that do show it. The earliest technical
drawings that show such an upper inner stage
are for Florimene, a pastoral play with intermezzi, produced in the great hall in the Whitehall palace in London in 1634. The production
was designed by Inigo Jones who gained much
of his knowledge of spectacular production
theatre design

& technology

19



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Theatre Design & Technology - Spring 2012

Contents
Theatre Design & Technology - Spring 2012 - 1
Theatre Design & Technology - Spring 2012 - 2
Theatre Design & Technology - Spring 2012 - 3
Theatre Design & Technology - Spring 2012 - Contents
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