Theatre Design & Technology - Fall 2020 - 35

One of the first significant
post-war theatres in Japan,
this truly multi-purpose hall
required innovative concepts
by the architect and design
team to achieve success
BY SHOZO MOTOSUGI

S

The theatre was
designed by architect
Kunio Maekawa as both
a social and artistic
space | Photo by Shozo
Motosugi; courtesy of
Tokyo Bunka Kaikan.

ince opening in 1961, the Tokyo Bunka Kaikan
(TBK), a concert hall in Ueno Park, Tokyo,
has become one of the most important and
influential music and cultural venues in the reconstruction period after World War II. Tokyo
Bunka Kaikan (TBK) was commissioned by
the Tokyo Metropolitan Government in response to public
demand for a venue to enjoy classical music, opera, and ballet in Tokyo, and to commemorate the 500th anniversary of
the city.
Architect Kunio Maekawa designed TBK as a city
square in a large park because he believed that a theatre
should be a place open to the public for social interaction,
as well as a place to host art and cultural events. A number of TBK's features give expression to this vision, including the sequence of public spaces leading from the lobby
to the foyer, while linking to the surrounding environment;
the design of the audience space where people can equally
enjoy the action on stage and interact with each other; the
creation of an auditorium and stage with technical capabilities and acoustic qualities suitable for both concerts and
operas; and the arrangement of the stage and the audience
seats in a manner that is successful for both performers
and the audience.
Kunio Maekawa, who designed TBK, began his career
after being shocked by the last " Confession " chapter in Le
Corbusier's The Decorative Art of Today. He left Tokyo in
1928 on the Trans-Siberian Railroad to visit Corbusier's
studio in Paris, where he apprenticed for several years.
Avoiding the growing militarism in Japanese society,
Maekawa left Japan as soon as he graduated from the university in pursuit of the architecture of humanism under
freedom and equality. Corbusier designed the National
Museum of Western Art in Tokyo's Ueno Park. Thirty years
later his former pupil, Maekawa, designed TBK in the same
park.
Maekawa's first design opportunity came from the
FALL 2020 | THEATRE DESIGN & TECHNOLOGY

| 35



Theatre Design & Technology - Fall 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Theatre Design & Technology - Fall 2020

Contents
Theatre Design & Technology - Fall 2020 - Cover1
Theatre Design & Technology - Fall 2020 - Cover2
Theatre Design & Technology - Fall 2020 - 1
Theatre Design & Technology - Fall 2020 - Contents
Theatre Design & Technology - Fall 2020 - 3
Theatre Design & Technology - Fall 2020 - 4
Theatre Design & Technology - Fall 2020 - 5
Theatre Design & Technology - Fall 2020 - 6
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Theatre Design & Technology - Fall 2020 - 8
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Theatre Design & Technology - Fall 2020 - Cover3
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