IEEE Awards Booklet - 2012 - 17

I E E E

T E C H N I C A L

F I E L D

AWA R D S

2012 IEEE
Electromagnetics Award

2012 IEEE
Andrew S. Grove Award

Sponsored by the IEEE Antennas and
Propagation, Electromagnetic Compatibility,
Microwave Theory and Techniques, and
Geoscience and Remote Sensing Societies

Sponsored by the IEEE Electron Devices
Society

Nader Engheta

Jean-Pierre Colinge

For contributions to electromagnetic theory and
applications of metamaterials and nanoscale optics

For contributions to silicon-on-insulator devices and
technology

One of the top 50 leaders in science and technology according
to Scientific American magazine, Nader Engheta's pioneering
work has profoundly impacted electromagnetics and spurred the
growth of many subdisciplines such as metamaterials, nanoscale
optics, bio-inspired imaging, and fractional electromagnetics. Dr.
Engheta formalized wave propagation in chiral materials and
developed the omega media concept, both fundamental to the
development and operation of most metamaterials. He
developed the new area of optical metatronics, i.e., metamaterial-based optical nanocircuitry. These circuits operate via light at
the nanoscale using lumped-element metamaterial nanostructures as inductors and capacitors. He contributed to producing
metamaterial lenses that can go beyond the diffraction limit
inherent to conventional optical lenses. An IEEE Fellow, Dr.
Engheta is currently the H. Nedwill Ramsey Professor of Electrical
and Systems Engineering and a Professor of Bioengineering at
the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Seeing the importance of silicon-on-insulator (SOI) technology
early on when others did not, Jean-Paul Colinge has been one
of SOI's strongest advocates with innovative contributions that
have resulted in its widespread use. Dr. Colinge developed
thin-film fully depleted SOI devices during the 1980s. In the
1990s, he invented the gate all-around device, which has
become the ultimate silicon transistor, and fabricated the first
nanowire transistors and explained their quantum effects. He
continues to investigate multigate SOI technology for scaling
to extremely small dimensions. His invention of a junctionless
nanowire transistor in 2010 shows the potential for fabricating
SOI devices with dimensions down to 5 nanometers. He has
educated countless engineers with Silicon on Insulator
Technology: From Materials to VLSI (Kluwer Academic, 1991),
which still serves as the standard introduction to SOI. An IEEE
Fellow, Dr. Colinge is currently with the Taiwan Semiconductor
Manufacturing Company (TSMC), Hsinchu, Taiwan.

2012 IEEE
James L. Flanagan Speech and Audio
Processing Award
Sponsored by the IEEE Signal Processing
Society

James K. Baker and Janet MacIver Baker
For fundamental contributions to the theory and practice of automatic speech
recognition
James K. Baker and Janet MacIver Baker have reshaped the
field of automatic speech recognition with innovations that
allow speech to be accurately converted to text and computers
to be controlled with spoken commands. In 1982, the husbandand-wife team founded Dragon Systems, Inc., famous for its
highly accurate commercial voice dictation systems and many
industry firsts. Released in 1997, Dragon NaturallySpeakingTM
was the first general-purpose continuous dictation system,
quickly establishing worldwide market leadership and winning
numerous industry awards. Today's applications range from
general-purpose dictation, voice transcription, and audio search
to speech interfaces for smartphones and automotive systems.
Individually, Dr. James Baker is best known for his pioneering
work in introducing the efficacy and power of stochastic processing and Hidden Markov Models (a statistical method for the
recognition of speech) to automatic speech recognition. In
addition to technical contributions ranging from signal process-

ing to audio search engines, Dr. Janet Baker has also helped
initiate international projects to create large nonproprietary
databases and to foster rigorous performance evaluation
methodologies.
Dr. James Baker is currently a Distinguished Career Professor at
Carnegie Mellon, Pittsburgh, Pa, and focuses on new paradigms
for automatic learning, especially to help develop speech technologies for all the languages of the world.
An IEEE Member, Dr. Janet Baker is currently affiliated with MIT
Media Lab and Harvard Medical School, and conducts neuroscience research applying machine learning to speech and language
processing in the brain.

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