IEEE Awards Booklet - 2017 - 15

2017 ieee medals

IEEE Medal for Environmental and
Safety Technologies

IEEE Edison Medal
Sponsored by Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.

Sponsored by Toyota Motor Corporation

Alberto Broggi

M. George Craford

For leadership in vehicular environmental perception, and for setting worldwide
milestones in safe and reliable intelligent
vehicles

For a lifetime of pioneering contributions
to the development and commercialization of visible LED materials and devices

Alberto Broggi's innovations in vehicular perception have played
an integral part in milestone projects in the development and
advancement of intelligent vehicles, increasing awareness of the
safety and environmental benefits driverless vehicles can bring to
the world. With an early vision of the potential for the driverless vehicle, a hallmark of Broggi's work has been to incorporate
low-cost machine vision sensors such as cameras for vehicle perception instead of the more costly laser-based sensors. Broggi led
the "MilleMiglia in Automatico" project in 1998, which was the
first test of autonomous driving using off-the-shelf components.
Demonstrating the importance of artificial vision for safety, this
project involved driving over 2,000 km on regular roads with
real traffic in Italy. Lessons learned from MilleMiglia led to perception systems developed by Broggi's that were installed on the
TerraMax 14-ton driverless truck.TerraMax competed in the U.S.
Defense Advanced Research Project Agency's Grand Challenge
project and was the only driverless vehicle to reach the finish using vison as its primary sensor. In 2010 he organized the VisLab
Intercontinental Autonomous Challenge, which was the longestever test for driverless vehicles. Four electric vans equipped with
sensors and actuators were driven on a 13,000-km route from
Parma, Italy, to Shanghai, China, providing invaluable data for improving autonomous driving systems. Another milestone came in
2013 when Broggi's lab tested the BRAiVE vehicle in downtown
Parma, which negotiated two-way narrow rural roads, pedestrian
crossings, traffic lights, and roundabouts in the middle of the day.
The test required no human intervention and represented the first
time an autonomous vehicle was driven on public roads with no
one in the driver's seat for part of the test.
An IEEE Fellow and recipient of multiple grants from the
European Research Council, Broggi is full professor at the University of Parma, Italy and currently general manager of VisLab, a University of Parma spinoff company recently acquired by
Silicon Valley company Ambarella.

An innovator of light-emitting diode (LED) technology for over
45 years, M. George Craford's pioneering contributions are illuminating the world with higher-efficiency, lower-cost, and more
environmentally friendly solid-state alternatives to traditional incandescent light bulbs. Using gallium arsenide phosphide technology, Craford created the first yellow LED and increased the
performance of red LEDs by ten. Craford then led the development of the world's highest-performance red, orange, and amber
LEDs based on aluminum gallium indium phosphide (AlGaInP),
demonstrating 100 lumens per watt (lm/W).To achieve this, Craford focused on using metal organic chemical vapor deposition
(MOCVD), which at the time was considered high risk for lowcost LED manufacturing. However, Craford had the vision to
realize that MOCVD technology was evolving and was critical to
making high-volume production of efficient LEDs a reality. Craford and his team led the development of processes for the successful, high-volume, commercial implementation of MOCVD
for LEDs.Today, almost all of the world's multibillion-dollar LED
industry is based on MOCVD. Further advances by Craford and
his team incorporating compound semiconductor wafer bonding
enabled yellow-orange-red spectrum AlGaInP LEDs with efficiencies exceeding unfiltered incandescent lamps. Another first
was an LED with efficiency exceeding 100 lm/W, revolutionizing the LED industry and ushering in the viability of solid-state
lighting. Craford's team then led the field in the development
and commercialization of the first high-power, high-brightness
LEDs with an output greater than 10‒20 lm across the entire
visible spectrum.These high-power white LEDs were used in the
creation of the first LED light bulbs to meet the requirements of
the U.S. Department of Energy's "L Prize," awarded to a company
that could provide, on a commercial scale, an LED light bulb to
replace the conventional 60W incandescent bulb.
An IEEE Life Fellow and recipient of the 2015 U.S. National
Academy of Engineering Charles Stark Draper Prize and the
2002 National Medal of Technology, among other awards, Craford is currently Solid State Lighting Fellow at Lumileds LLC,
San Jose, CA, USA.

Scope: For outstanding accomplishments in the application of
technology in the fields of interest of IEEE that improve the environment and/or public safety.

Scope: For a career of meritorious achievement in electrical science, electrical engineering, or the electrical arts.

15 | 2017 IEEE awards bOOkLET



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Awards Booklet - 2017

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