IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 20

Earth observation data sets and global databases. The
challenges are formidable, but I hope that the lessons
from infrastructure systems analysis that have been
learned over the last seven years in Britain can be of
value elsewhere in the world.

[16] B. Flyvbjerg, N. Bruzelius, and W. Rothengatter, Megaprojects and Risk: An
Anatomy of Ambition. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2003.
[17] Department for International Development. (2013). Connecting people,
creating wealth: Infrastructure for economic development and poverty reduction. U.K. Dept. Int. Develop., London. [Online]. Available: https://assets
.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_

About the Author
Jim Hall (jim.hall@eci.ox.ac.uk) is with the University of
Oxford, United Kingdom.

data/file/243802/130918_Infrastructure_Postition_Paper_FNL.pdf
[18] J. W. Hall et al., "Strategic analysis of the future of national infrastructure," Proc.
Institution Civil Engineers: Civil Eng., vol. 170, no. 1, pp. 39-47, 2017.
[19] A. Venables, J. Laird, and H. Overman. (2014). Transport investment and eco-

References

nomic performance: Implications for project appraisal. U.K. Dept. Transport, London.

[1] T. G. Lewis, Critical Infrastructure Protection in Homeland Security: Defending

[Online]. Available: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/

a Networked Nation. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2006.

system/uploads/attachment_data/file/386126/TIEP_Report.pdf

[2] S. V. Buldyrev, R. Parshani, G. Paul, H. E. Stanley, and S. Havlin, "Catastrophic cas-

[20] E. Byers, J. W. Hall, and J. Amezaga, "Electricity generation and cooling water

cade of failures in interdependent networks," Nature, vol. 464, 2010.

use: U.K. pathways to 2050," Global Environ. Change, vol. 25, pp. 16-30, Mar. 2014.

[3] J. C. J. H. Aerts and W. J. W. Botzen, "Managing exposure to flooding in New York

[21] J. W. Hall, M. Tran, A. J. Hickford, and R. J. Nicholls, Eds., The Future of National Infra-

City," Nature Climate Change, vol. 2, no. 6, p. 377, 2012. doi: 10.1038/nclimate1487.

structure: A System of Systems Approach. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2016.

[4] R. Mendelsohn, K. Emanuel, S. Chonabayashi, and L. Bakkensen, "The impact of

[22] HM Treasury. (2014). National infrastructure plan 2014. Infrastructure U.K.,

climate change on global tropical cyclone damage," Nature Climate Change, vol. 2,

London. [Online]. Available: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/

pp. 205-209, Jan. 2012.

uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/381884/2902895_NationalInfrastructure

[5] N. Ranger, T. Reeder, and J. Lowe, "Addressing 'deep' uncertainty over long-term

Plan2014_acc.pdf

climate in major infrastructure projects: Four innovations of the Thames Estuary 2100

[23] National Infrastructure Commission (2018). National Infrastructure Assessment.

Project," EURO J. Decision Processes, vol. 1, no. 3-4, pp. 233-262, 2013.

Natl. Infrastructure Commission, London. [Online]. Available: https://www.nic.org.uk/

[6] Delta Committee, "Working together with water: A living land builds for its future,"

wp-content/uploads/CCS001_CCS0618917350-001_NIC-NIA_Accessible.pdf

Deltacommissie, The Netherlands, 2008. [Online]. Available: http://www.deltacommissie

[24] S. Barr, D. Alderson, M. C. Ives, and C. Robson, "Database, simulation modelling

.com/doc/deltareport_full.pdf

and visualisation for national infrastructure assessment," The Future of National

[7] M. Pitt. (2008). Learning lessons from the 2007 floods: An independent review

Infrastructure: A System of Systems Approach, J. W. Hall, M. Tran, A. J. Hickford, and

by Sir Michael Pitt. Cabinet Office. London. [Online]. Available: https://webarchive

R. J. Nicholls, Eds. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2016.

.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20100812084907/http:/archive.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/pittreview/_/

[25] National Infrastructure Commission. (2018). Preparing for a drier future: Eng-

media/assets/www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/flooding_review/pitt_review_full%20pdf.pdf

land's water infrastructure needs. Natl. Infrastructure Commission, London.[Online].

[8] Royal Academy of Engineering. (2016). Living without electricity: One city's expe-

Available: https://www.nic.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/NIC-Preparing-for-a-Drier-

rience of coping with loss of power. Royal Acad. Eng., London. [Online]. Available:

Future-26-April-2018.pdf

https://www.raeng.org.uk/publications/reports/living-without-electricity

[26] D. Adshead et al., "Evidence-based infrastructure: Curacao.: National infrastructure

[9] J. Dawson Richard et al., "A systems framework for national assessment of climate

systems modelling to support sustainable and resilient infrastructure development,"

risks to infrastructure," Philosoph. Trans. Roy. Soc. A: Math., Physical Eng. Sci., vol.

Univ. Oxford, Oxford, U.K., and UN Office for Project Services, UNOPS Rep. LR, 2018.

376, no. 2121, pp. 20170298-20170206, 2018. doi: 10.1098/rsta.2017.0298.

[27] R. Lamb, P. Garside, R. Pant, and J.W. Hall, "A network-scale analysis of the risk

[10] D. Sutherland, S. Araujo, B. Égert, and T. Koz´luk. (2009). Infrastructure invest-

of railway bridge failure from scour during flood events in Britain." Risk Anal., to be

ment: Links to growth and the role of public policies. Org. Econ. Cooperation

published.

Develop., Paris, France. [Online]. Available: https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/

[28] S. Thacker, S. Barr, R. Pant, J. W. Hall, and D. Alderson, "Geographic hotspots of

225678178357.pdf?expires=1559028754&id=id&accname=guest&checksum=CA40E3D

critical national infrastructure," Risk Anal., vol. 37, no. 12, pp. 2490-2505, Dec. 2017.

883F25DC7B35E6BB3C04B6A01

[29] S. Thacker, S. Kelly, R. Pant, and J. W. Hall, "Evaluating the benefits of adapta-

[11] S. Straub, "Infrastructure and development: A critical appraisal of the macro level

tion of critical infrastructures to hydrometeorological risks," Risk Anal., vol. 38, no. 1,

literature," The World Bank, Washington, D.C., Policy Res. Working Paper no. 4590, 2008.

pp. 134-150, Jan. 2018.

[12] "The right way to help declining places," The Economist, Oct. 21, 2017. [Online].

[30] S. Kelly,, et al., "Integrated infrastructure: Cyber resiliency in society: Mapping

Available: https://www.economist.com/leaders/2017/10/21/the-right-way-to-help-

the consequences of an interconnected digital economy," Centre for Risk Studies,

declining-places

Univ. Cambridge., Cambridge, U.K., 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.itrc.org.uk/

[13] S. Thacker, et al., "Infrastructure for sustainable development," Nature Sustain-

integrated-infrastructure-cyber-resiliency-in-society-mapping-the-consequences-of-an-

ability, vol. 2, 2019. [Online]. Available: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-019-0256-

interconnected-digital-economy/

80.1038/s41893-019-0256-8

[31] African Development Bank. (2018). African economic outlook 2018. African

[14] A. Bhattacharya, J. P. Meltzer, J. Oppenheim, Z. Qureshi, and N. Stern. (2016). Deliv-

Develop. Bank, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. [Online]. Available: https://www.afdb.org/

ering on sustainable infrastructure for better development and better climate. Brookings

fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Publications/African_Economic_Outlook_2018_-_

Institution, Washington, D.C. [Online]. Available: https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/

EN.pdf

uploads/2016/12/global_122316_delivering-on-sustainable-infrastructure.pdf

[32] World Economic Forum. (2018). Global competitiveness report 2017-2018.

[15] Global Infrastructure Hub. (2017). Global infrastructure outlook. Global Infra-

World Econ. Forum. [Online]. Available: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GCR2017-

structure Hub, Sydney, Australia. [Online]. Available: https://cdn.gihub.org/outlook/

2018/05FullReport/TheGlobalCompetitivenessReport2017%E2%80%932018.pdf

live/report/Global+Infrastructure+Outlook+reports.zip

20

IEEE SYSTEMS, MAN, & CYBERNETICS MAGAZINE Ju ly 2019


https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/243802/130918_Infrastructure_Postition_Paper_FNL.pdf https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/243802/130918_Infrastructure_Postition_Paper_FNL.pdf https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/243802/130918_Infrastructure_Postition_Paper_FNL.pdf https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/386126/TIEP_Report.pdf https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/386126/TIEP_Report.pdf https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/381884/2902895_NationalInfrastructurePlan2014_acc.pdf https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/381884/2902895_NationalInfrastructurePlan2014_acc.pdf https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/381884/2902895_NationalInfrastructurePlan2014_acc.pdf https://www.nic.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/CCS001_CCS0618917350-001_NIC-NIA_Accessible.pdf https://www.nic.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/CCS001_CCS0618917350-001_NIC-NIA_Accessible.pdf http://www.deltacommissie.com/doc/deltareport_full.pdf http://www.deltacommissie.com/doc/deltareport_full.pdf https://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20100812084907/http:/archive.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/pittreview/_/media/assets/www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/flooding_review/pitt_review_full%20pdf.pdf https://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20100812084907/http:/archive.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/pittreview/_/media/assets/www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/flooding_review/pitt_review_full%20pdf.pdf https://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20100812084907/http:/archive.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/pittreview/_/media/assets/www.cabinetoffice.gov.uk/flooding_review/pitt_review_full%20pdf.pdf https://www.nic.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/NIC-Preparing-for-a-Drier-Future-26-April-2018.pdf https://www.nic.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/NIC-Preparing-for-a-Drier-Future-26-April-2018.pdf https://www.raeng.org.uk/publications/reports/living-without-electricity https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/economics/infrastructure-investment_225678178357;jsessionid=JHZ7NCSdpss7bEQnLShz29v-.ip-10-240-5-4 https://www.economist.com/leaders/2017/10/21/the-right-way-to-help-declining-places https://www.economist.com/leaders/2017/10/21/the-right-way-to-help-declining-places https://www.itrc.org.uk/integrated-infrastructure-cyber-resiliency-in-society-mapping-the-consequences-of-an-interconnected-digital-economy/ https://www.itrc.org.uk/integrated-infrastructure-cyber-resiliency-in-society-mapping-the-consequences-of-an-interconnected-digital-economy/ https://www.itrc.org.uk/integrated-infrastructure-cyber-resiliency-in-society-mapping-the-consequences-of-an-interconnected-digital-economy/ https://www.nature.com/articles/s41893-019-0256-8 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-019-0256-80.1038/s41893-019-0256-8 https://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Publications/African_Economic_Outlook_2018_-_EN.pdf https://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Publications/African_Economic_Outlook_2018_-_EN.pdf https://www.afdb.org/fileadmin/uploads/afdb/Documents/Publications/African_Economic_Outlook_2018_-_EN.pdf https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/global_122316_delivering-on-sustainable-infrastructure.pdf https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/global_122316_delivering-on-sustainable-infrastructure.pdf http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GCR2017-2018/05FullReport/TheGlobalCompetitivenessReport2017%E2%80%932018.pdf http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GCR2017-2018/05FullReport/TheGlobalCompetitivenessReport2017%E2%80%932018.pdf https://cdn.gihub.org/outlook/live/report/Global+Infrastructure+Outlook+reports.zip https://cdn.gihub.org/outlook/live/report/Global+Infrastructure+Outlook+reports.zip

IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019

Contents
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - Cover1
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - Cover2
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - Contents
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 2
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 3
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 4
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 5
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 6
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 7
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 8
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 9
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 10
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 11
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 12
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 13
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 14
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 15
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 16
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 17
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 18
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 19
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 20
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 21
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 22
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 23
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 24
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 25
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 26
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 27
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 28
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 29
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 30
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 31
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 32
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 33
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 34
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 35
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 36
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 37
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 38
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 39
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 40
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 41
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 42
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 43
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 44
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 45
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 46
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 47
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 48
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 49
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 50
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 51
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 52
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 53
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 54
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 55
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 56
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 57
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 58
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 59
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 60
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 61
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 62
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 63
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 64
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - Cover3
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_202110
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_202107
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_202104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_202101
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_202010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_202007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_202004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_202001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201807
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201804
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201801
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_1017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0717
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0417
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0117
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_1016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0716
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0416
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0116
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_1015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0715
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0415
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0115
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com