IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019 - 9

distributed ledger technologies is
another game changer.
In any case, infrastructure systems seem to be on course to fundamentally alter the way we perceive,
receive, and use infrastructure services. And while interactions and
interdependencies between infrastructure systems are not new, we
do see an intensification of these
interdependencies to the extent that
infrastructure systems are merging
into amalgamated systems.
The emerging energy-transport-
communication system, as an example, is challenging infrastructure
professionals as well as regulatory
authorities, as their knowledge and
mandate are generally limited to one
specific infrastructure sector. The
establishment of a National Infrastructure Commission in the United Kingdom and of comparable government
entities in such countries as Australia
and Canada is a promising step toward a more integrated cross-sector
system-of-systems approach to infrastructure planning and policy making.
In The Netherlands, the infrastructure
providers themselves have launched
a joint Next Generation Infrastructures knowledge platform across
a range of vital infrastructure sectors to exchange information about
good practices and extract synergies from interdependencies.
Governments can accommodate
technological change and changing
user behavior by creating appropriate incentive schemes and tweaking
the institutional framework. In doing
so, they must protect the interest of
all citizens, as infrastructure services are essential for everyone: rich
and poor, young and old, the digitally
literate and illiterate, the rural population and urban dwellers, and so on.
This is a formidable challenge given
so many uncertainties, new risks,
and vulnerabilities. The question is
whether the scientific community
is up to providing government and
corporate decision makers with the
knowledge they need to make wellinformed policy decisions.

The mission of the technical
uary 2019 issue of this magazine. The
committee that I cochair is to meld
three articles presented in this issue
engineering and social sciences in
again acknowledge multiactor, mula comprehensive theoretical frametiscale, and system-of-systems comwork combined with a multimodel
plexity and illustrate how cross-sector
ecology and simulation tool kit for
and interdisciplinary approaches can
the design and management of inbe made operational in modeling and
frastructure systems as complex
simulation to support infrastrucadaptive sociotechnical systems.
ture planning and policy making.
Traditional optimization approaches
The authors of these contributions
have limited meaning in the world of
are eminent scholars and research
infrastructure systems. Engineering
leaders with considerable experiknowledge is vital but insufficient
ence in informing public policy makto understand infrastructure sysers. With this special section, we
tems as sociotechoffer a worthy renical systems.
sponse to the plea
No single disciof the IEEE SMCS
Engineering
pline can claim to
Founders Panel for
knowledge is
provide the answer
policy relevance.
vital but insufficient
to today's infrastrucIf you wa nt to
ture system design
learn
more on topito understand
a nd ma nagement
cal
policy
issues and
infrastructure
challenges. What we
state-of-the-art modsystems as sociocan do is organize
eling and simulation
technical systems.
a scientific stage for
in the fascinating
confronting, comworld of infrastrucbining, and possibly
ture systems, please
integrating social and engineering
join us at the International Symposium
science perspectives on infrastructure
for Next Generation Infrastructure,
systems. We can thus provide new in18-20 September 2019, in Buenos Aires.
sights and a richer solution space to
practitioners in the world of infrastrucAbout the Author
ture and support them in organizing
Margot P.C. Weijnen (M.P.C.Weijnen@
cross-sector collaborative action.
tudelft.nl) is a full professor of
Last but not least, only cross-secprocess and energy systems engitor and interdisciplinary approaches
neering at the Delft University of
to the challenges of shaping infraTechnology, The Netherlands (since
structure for the future will enable us
1994) and scientific director of the
to inform government wisely, which
Dutch national Next Generation
is not by presenting "easy" technologInfrastructures knowledge platform
ical solutions or policy recipes but by
(since 2001). She served the Dutch
specifying fundamental policy dilemgovernment and the European Commas. Ultimately, the decision about
mission in numerous advisory capachow to provide reliable and affordities for technology and innovation
able infrastructure services in a fair
policy, energy policy, and infrastrucand socially acceptable manner is a
ture policy.
political one.
This special section of IEEE SysReference
tems, Man, and Cybernetics Maga[1] S. S. Farahani et al., "A hydrogen-based integrated
zine presents a selection of research
energy and transport system: The design and analysis
related to next-generation infrastrucof the car as power plant concept," IEEE Syst., Man,
ture systems. One article, on the emerCybern. Mag., vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 37-50, Jan. 2019. doi:
gence of a hydrogen-based integrated
10.1109/MSMC.2018.2873408.
energy and transport system, by Farahani et al. [1], was published in the Jan-

Ju ly 2019

IEEE SYSTEMS, MAN, & CYBERNETICS MAGAZINE

9



IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2019

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