IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - January 2020 - 6

by Yingxu Wang, Sam Kwong,
Henry Leung, Jianhua Lu,
Michael H. Smith, Ljiljana Trajkovic,
Edward Tunstel, Konstantinos N. Plataniotis,
Gary G. Yen, and Witold Kinsner

Brain-Inspired
Systems
A Transdisciplinary Exploration
on Cognitive Cybernetics,
Humanity, and Systems Science
Toward Autonomous
Artificial Intelligence

B

rain-inspired cognitive systems (BCSs) are an
emerging field of cybernetics, cognitive science, and system science. BCSs study not only
the intelligence science foundations of artificial intelligence (AI) and cognitive systems, but
also formal models of the brain embodied by computational
intelligence. This article presents the brain and intelligence
science foundations of BCS toward hybrid intelligent systems and the symbiotic intelligence of humanity. It explores
the transdisciplinary theoretical foundations of system,
brain, intelligence, knowledge, cybernetic, and cognitive sciences toward the next generation of knowledge processors
beyond classic data processors for autonomous computing
systems. A BCS provides an overarching platform for cognitive cybernetics, humanity, and systems to enable emerging
hybrid societies shared by humans and intelligent machines.
Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/MSMC.2018.2889502
Date of current version: 15 January 2020

6

IEEE SYSTEMS, MAN, & CYBERNETICS MAGAZINE Janu ar y 2020

Cybernetics is perceived to be a transdisciplinary science of communication and control that mimics the brain
as autonomous intelligent systems in the contexts of
humans, animals, machines, organizations, and societies
[22], [28], [32]. The IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics
Society (SMCS) leads an overarching field of studies [4],
[20], [27] on the emergence of abstract sciences [24], [25],
[34] as a counterpart of classic concrete sciences. The
abstract sciences refer to contemporary data, information, knowledge, and intelligence sciences, as well as
cybernetics, system science, sociology, and mathematics
[34]. The classic concrete sciences encompass physics,
chemistry, biology, neurology, physiology, and engineering sciences.
Brain science and its engineering simulations [6]-[9],
[12], [13], [15], [18], [19], [23], [27], [30], [31], [33] are both
classical and contemporary disciplines that study the
functional and logical models of the brain, a set of cognitive
processes of the mind, internal information-processing
2333-942X/20©2020IEEE



IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - January 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - January 2020

Contents
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - January 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - January 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - January 2020 - Contents
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - January 2020 - 2
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IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - January 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - January 2020 - Cover4
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