IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - January 2020 - 8

Third Inhibitory Synapse

Synapse
Receiving
Cell
A Synapse

Figure 1. Paradigms of brain-inspired technologies and systems. (Top row) known brain neural structures and

(bottom row) corresponding brain-inspired engineering devices and systems.

Anterior
Lobe
Primary
Fissure
Posterior
Lobe
Horizontal
Fissure
Vermis

Anterior
Lobe

generated from levels of metabolic homeostasis, unconsciousness, subconsciousness, and consciousness from the
bottom up. Consciousness may also be deductively analyzed
in a top-down approach through the cognitive levels mentioned earlier. It is noteworthy that most inherited life functions are subconscious or unconscious because, in contrast,
most acquired life functions are conscious. Although we cannot intentionally control the subconscious or unconscious,
either directly or indirectly, the conscious mind autonomously accesses it to carry out any cognitive function of the brain.
The mathematical model of consciousness N may be
formally described as a function fc that maps a Cartesian
product of the mental events (E ) and the current status of
the CSM into an updated state of the memory in CSM as
N D fc : E # CSM " CSM,

Posterior
Lobe
Vermis
Figure 2. The cerebellum: the body's neurological

map [7].

memory system in a parallel configuration (||) with five
types of memories according to their functionalities:
CMM D (STM
i LTM
i SBM
i ABM
i CSM

// short-term memory
// long-term memory
// sensory buffer memory
// action buffer memory
// conscious status memory).

The logical view of consciousness is a collective mental
state supplemented by attention and awareness, inductively
8

where the events stimulating the brain may be classified as
external stimuli (S ) or internal motivations (M ), i.e.,
E = S , M.
Therefore, the external and internal subfunctions of
consciousness, denoted by fc-e and fc-i, respectively, may
be formally expressed as
CS D )

fc-e : S # CSM " CSM
fc-i : M # CSM " CSM

= fc : {S , M } # CSM " CSM ,

(1)

IEEE SYSTEMS, MAN, & CYBERNETICS MAGAZINE Janu ar y 2020

(2)

(3)

where fc represents the integrated external ( fc-e) and
internal ( fc-i) consciousness for embodying the mechanisms of consciousness as the awareness of the status of
the entire body registered in CSM. It is updated when either
external stimuli or internal motivations are captured.



IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - January 2020

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