IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 27

×104

6

Frequency

2
0
-2

8
6
4

-6
-10

-5

0
Attribute a1

5

10

(a)

0

0.6
0.4
0.2

2

-4

f (x ) = 1 - e-x

0.8
f (x)

4
Attribute a2

1
σ

10

0

0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
Pixel Intensity Values
(b)

0
0

1

x=1

2

4

6

8

10

x
(c)

×104

Frequency

10
8
σ′

6
4
2
0

0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
Pixel Intensity Values
(d)

1
(e)

(f)

(h)

00
0
5,
00
0
6,
00
0
7,
00
0

4,

00
0
00
0
3,

2,

1,

0
00
0

0

0.5
0
-0.5
-1

4,

100

1

00
0
00
0

200

H (3)
Positions of Peaks Detected in H (3)

3,

300

1.5

2,

400

H (2)

0
00
0

H (1)

1,

Projection Values

500

First-Order Derivative H (3)

(g)

00
0
5,
00
0
6,
00
0
7,
00
0

0

Positions on Diagonal Axis of Image

Positions on Diagonal Axis of Image

(i)

(j)

Figure 8. The application of DBE. (a) The data scatterplot. (b) A histogram of D. (c) The transformation

u ) of D l. (f) The segmentation of I (Dl
u ).
function d ijl = 1- e -d /v. (d) A histogram of D l. (e) A VAT image of I (Dl
(g) A morphologically filtered image. (h) A distance-transformed image. (i) The diagonal projection signal
[H(1)] and smoothed signal [H(2)]. (j) The first-order derivative [H(3)].
ij

	

Ap ri l 2020

IEEE SYSTEMS, MAN, & CYBERNETICS MAGAZINE	

27



IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020

Contents
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - Cover1
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - Cover2
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - Contents
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 2
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 3
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 4
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 5
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 6
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 7
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 8
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 9
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 10
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 11
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 12
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 13
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 14
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 15
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 16
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 17
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 18
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 19
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 20
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 21
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 22
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 23
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 24
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 25
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 26
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 27
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 28
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 29
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 30
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 31
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 32
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 33
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 34
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 35
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 36
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 37
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 38
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 39
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 40
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 41
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 42
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 43
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 44
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 45
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 46
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 47
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 48
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 49
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 50
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 51
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 52
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 53
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 54
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 55
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 56
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 57
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 58
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 59
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - 60
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - Cover3
IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2020 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_202010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_202007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_202004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_202001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201807
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201804
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201801
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_1017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0717
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0417
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0117
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_1016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0716
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0416
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0116
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_1015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0715
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0415
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0115
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com