IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2020 - 39

Smart Sensing
for Surgery
From Tethered Devices to Wearables and Implantables

R

ecent developments in wearable electronics have fueled research into
new materials, sensors, and
microelectronic technologies for the realization
of devices that have increased
functionality and performance.
This is further enhanced by
a d v a nc e s i n f a br ic a t io n
methods and printing techniques, stimulating research
on implantables and the
advancement of existing
medical devices. This article provides an overview
of new designs, embodiments, fabrication methods, instrumentation, and
informatics as well as the
challenges in developing
and deploying such devices
and clinical applications that
can benefit from them. The
need for and use of these technologies across the perioperative
surgical-care pathway are highlighted, along with a vision for the future
and how these tools can be adopted by
potential end users and health-care systems.
Continuous Monitoring
Human health is assessed through a wide range of physiological parameters. These include heart rate; blood pressure; temperature; weight; urine composition; blood components for monitoring markers

©ISTOCKPHOTO.COM/JACOBLUND

by Panagiotis Kassanos, Melissa Berthelot,
Jang Ah Kim, Bruno M.G. Rosa, Florent Seichepine,
Salzitsa Anastasova, Mikael H. Sodergren, Daniel Richard Leff,
Benny Lo, Ara Darzi, and Guang-Zhong Yang
Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/MSMC.2019.2963455
Date of current version: 15 July 2020

2333-942X/20©2020IEEE

Ju ly 2020

IEEE SYSTEMS, MAN, & CYBERNETICS MAGAZINE

39


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IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - July 2020

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