IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - January 2021 - 12

Acknowledgment
We thank Jian Cao for drawing the illustrations used in
this article.
About the Authors
Tianyi Wang (twang93@bu.edu) earned his B.A. degree
in finance in 2015 from Kent State University, his M.Sc.
degree in financial management in 2018, and his M.Sc.
degree in computer information systems in 2020 from
Boston University. His research interests include artificial intelligence, natural language processing, machine
learning, ubiquitous computing, and wearables.
Yanglei Gan (ygan1005@bu.edu) earned his B.A.
degree in economics and mathematics in 2018 from the
University of Connecticut and his M.Sc. degree in computer information systems in 2019 from Boston University, where he is currently a graduate student in the Department of Computer Science, Metropolitan College, Boston,
Massachusetts, USA. His research interests include artificial intelligence, natural language processing, machine
learning, ubiquitous computing, and wearables.
Scott D. Arena (sdarena@bu.edu) is a senior lecturer in
the Department of Computer Science at Metropolitan
(MET) College, Boston University, Massachusetts, USA. He
spent 38 years in the R&D labs of Bell, where he worked for
ATT/Bell/Verizon Labs. He has been granted nearly a dozen
patents in the areas of file optics/networking and security.
He joined MET full time and is the networking c- urriculum
coordinator, where he enjoys high-order networking and
security-related coursework.
Lubomir T. Chitkushev (ltc@bu.edu) earned his Dipl.
Ing. degree in electrical engineering from the University of
Belgrade, his M.Sc. degree in biomedical engineering from
the Medical College of Virginia at Virginia Commonwealth
University, and his Ph.D. degree in biomedical engineering
from Boston University, where he is an associate professor
of computer science and the director of health informatics
and health sciences at Metropolitan College, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. He is also an associate director of the Center for Reliable Information Systems
and Cyber Security at Boston University. His research interests are focused on the modeling of complex systems, computer networks security and architecture, and biomedical
and health informatics.
Guanglan Zhang (guanglan@bu.edu) earned her
Ph.D. degree from the School of Computer Engineering,
Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, for her
doctoral work in bioinformatics. She is currently an
associate professor in the Department of Computer Science, Metropolitan College, Boston University, Boston,
Massachusetts, USA. Her research interests include the
computational modeling of complex biological processes, such as the identification of vaccine targets; developing solutions for biomedical data management; and the
building of analytical tools for pattern recognition from
biomedical data.
12	

IEEE SYSTEMS, MAN, & CYBERNETICS MAGAZINE Janu ar y 2021

Reza Rawassizadeh (rezar@bu.edu) earned his B.Sc.
degree in software engineering and his M.Sc. and Ph.D.
degrees in computer science from the University of Vienna,
Austria. He is currently an assistant professor in the Department of Computer Science and is affiliated faculty in the
Health Informatics Research Lab, Metropolitan College,
Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA. His
research interests include on-device machine learning, ubiquitous computing, wearables, and interaction interfaces for
fitness activity tracking.
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IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - January 2021

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