IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2021 - 20

normalized and then used as a " dynamic or controllable
activation function " in ANNs. Although this is also true for
deep neural networks (DNNs), the goal here is to compromise between the precision /accuracy and the

explainability/interpretability performance criteria. If the
explanations and interpretations are not so important, the
UFO could be hybridized with a DNN to serve as an alternative to state-of-the-art deep symbolic networks.

Hidden
x1

B1

Hidden
Input

x2

Hidden

B2
x3

Output

x4

B3

xn

Bv

Output

Figure 10. An artificial mathematical network (AMN).

Hidden
x1
x2
x3

Hidden
B1

Hidden

Input

Output

B2

x4

B3

xn

Bv

H1
H2
Hζ

β0 + β1H1 + β2H2 + ... + βζHζ

Output

SVM

Output

Figure 11. MNR.

Hidden
x1
x2
x3

B1

Hidden
Input

B2

x4

B3

xn

Bv

Figure 12. MAM.
20	

IEEE SYSTEMS, MAN, & CYBERNETICS MAGAZINE Apri l 2021

Hidden
Output

H1
H2
Hζ



IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics Magazine - April 2021

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