Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 45

Some of the most interesting details
about the evolution of the CIS live in
the jungle of historical recollection.
It's a jungle filled with big personalities, big politicians, and big money,
hence big arguments and big disputes
(big data was around when the SMCS
was born, but in the 1970s, big data
meant 1 MB). A check of indexes of
the SMCS transactions will show that
Andy, through his acceptance of papers in the areas neural networks,
fuzzy systems, and evolutionary computing, was instrumental in fostering  an atmosphere of real scientific
interest for work in these fields. But
where are the details of this history?
When I log into the SMCS Web site,
I cannot find any reference to our
history at all. To recover the most
basic information about the history
of the SMCS, I turned to Wikipedia
(yikes!-it comes to this? And who
knows if it's right?):
The earliest incarnation of the
IEEE SMCS was the IRE Professional Group on Human Factors in
Electronics, formed in 1958. The
Group would later change its name
to the IEEE Professional Technical
Group on Human Factors in Electronics (1963), IEEE Human Factors in Electronics Group (1964),
Man-Machine Systems Group
(1968), SMC Group (1970), and
finally SMCS (1972).
The SMCS has been enormously
important to the IEEE, and Andy was
one of the biggest forces that made our
Society significant in its early years.
Sadly, many of the details of SMCS
history lived only in Andy's mind, and
now we cannot recover them. I hope
that Andy's death can at least serve
this very useful purpose-please consider it as a wake-up call for us to establish an SMCS history center.
Jim Bezdek
References
[1] P. Cheeseman, "An inquiry into computer understanding," Comput. Intell., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 57-142, 1988.
[2] J. C. Bezdek, "A physical interpretation of fuzzy
ISODATA," IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern., vol. 6, no.
5, pp. 387-389, 1976.

generations of systems engineers. We
Andrew P. Sage Left an
shall be forever grateful for the gifts
Unequaled Legacy of
he brought to us.
Excellence
During the presidency of Bill Rouse,
Mohamed E. El-Hawary
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, was
Dalhousie University
selected to host the 1984 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man,
Remembering
and Cybernetics, and I was asked to
Andrew P. Sage
organize and chair the conference,
I will remember Andy Sage for his
which was held at Chateau Halifax
contribution to the establishment
(9-12 October). The 1984-1985 presiand advancement of the IEEE SMCS.
dent of the IEEE SMCS was Dr. Sage,
He was the EIC of IEEE Transacand that afforded me the opportunity
tions on Systems, Man, and Cyberto meet and work briefly with him.
netics for 27 years. He served as the
In the 1990s, as Dr. Jamshidi noted,
SMCS president and twice as the
Dr. Sage was invited to lead the early
general chair of the
development of the
SMCS annual conh igh ly a mbitious
Dr. Sage had
ference. His books
Encyclopedia of Life
and papers in sysSupport Systems,
a tremendous
tems engineering,
which is currently a
influence on many
opt i m a l cont rol,
major online UNESthrough his work
and decision makCO inter nationa l
and books on
ing were important
effort. I had the good
sources of knowlfortune to be a part
control systems,
edge for me as a
of the development
estimation,
graduate student
of the encyclopedia.
and system
and for engineers
His contributions to
identification.
and practitioners
this major body of
worldw ide. I a m
knowledge are a tes- Mohamed
indebted to Andy
timonial to his leadE. El-Hawary
for selecting me to
ership capabilities.
become an associIn 1997, I had
ate editor of IEEE Transactions on
the honor of introducing Dr. Sage
Systems, Man, and Cybernetics in
to the spring convocation of the
1981 and nominating me for IEEE
Technical University of Nova ScoFellow in 1996, honors that made a
tia (TUNS) when he was awarded
lasting impact on my career.
the degree of Doctor of Engineering
Honoris Causa. Ferial and I had the
William Gruver
joy of hosting the Sages' visit to our
IEEE SMCS President, 2004-2005
Nova Scotia shores. Over the past few
Simon Fraser University
years, I relied on Sage and White's
book Optimum Systems Control to
A Transformational
introduce the subject matter to gradContributor to the
uate classes at Dalhousie University
Theory and Practice of
(formerly TUNS).
Systems Engineering and
Dr. Sage had a tremendous influManagement
ence on many through his work and
I first met Andy Sage at the 1973
books on control systems, estimation,
International Conference on Cyberand system identification as well his
netics and Society, held in Boston
leadership of the SMCS and his seron 5-7 November. I had finished my
vice as the EIC of IEEE Transactions
Ph.D. degree with Tom Sheridan at
on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics.
the Massachusetts Institute of TechHe was a gentle persuader who led
nology in 1972. When we met, I was
by example, sought no accolades,
a 26-year-old assistant professor at
and, above all, made a difference to
Ja nu a r y 2015

IEEE SyStEmS, man, & CybErnEtICS magazInE

45



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015

Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - Cover1
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - Cover2
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 1
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Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 16
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Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 18
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 19
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 20
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 21
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 22
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Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 30
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 31
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Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 35
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Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 37
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 38
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 39
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 40
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 41
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 42
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 43
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 44
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 45
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 46
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 47
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 48
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - Cover3
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - Cover4
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