Systems, Man & Cybernetics - January 2015 - 8

Figure 2. a brain-controlled wheelchair: users can

drive it reliably and safely over long periods of time
thanks to the incorporation of shared-control (or
context-awareness) techniques.

[4] R. Leeb, S. Perdikis, L. Tonin, A. Biasiucci, M.
neuroprostheses. He received his
Tavella, M. Creatura, A. Molina, A. Al-Khodairy, T.
Ph.D. degree in computer science
An important
Carlson, and J. del R. Millán, "Transferring brainfrom the Universitat Politècnica
computer interface beyond the laboratory: Successde Catalunya, Barcelona, Spain,
aspect of a BMI is
ful application control for motor-disabled users,"
in 1992. He was a research scienthe capability to
Artif. Intell. Med., vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 121-132, 2013.
tist at the Joint Research Centre of
[5] S. Perdikis, R. Leeb, J. Williamson, A. Ramsey,
the European Commission, Ispra,
distinguish between
M. Tavella, L. Desideri, E.-J. Hoogerwerf, A. AlItaly, a senior researcher at the
different patterns of
Khodairy, R. Murray-Smith, and J. del. R. Millán,
Idiap Research Institute in Marbrain activity.
"Clinical evaluation of BrainTree, a motor imagery
tigny, Switzerland, and a visiting
hybrid BCI speller," J. Neural Eng., vol. 11, no. 3, p.
scholar at the University of Stan036003, 2014.
ford, the University of California
[6] J. del R. Millán, P. W. Ferrez, F. Galán, E. Lew,
at Berkeley, and the Internationand R. Chavarriaga, "Non-invasive brain-machine
al Computer Science Institute in
interaction," Int. J. Pattern Recognit. Artif. Intell., vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 959-972, 2008.
Berkeley. His research on brain-machine interfaces was
[7] J. M. Carmena, "Advances in neuroprosthetic learning and control," PLoS Biol.,
nominated a finalist of the European Descartes Prize
vol. 11, p. e1001561, May 2013.
2001, and he has been named Research Leader 2004 by
the journal Scientific American for his work on brain[8] J. del R. Millán and J. M. Carmena, "Invasive or noninvasive: Understanding braincontrolled robots. He is the recipient of the IEEE Nobert
machine interface technology," IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Mag., vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 16-22, 2010.
Wiener Award 2011 and has coordinated a number of
[9] T. Carlson and J. del R. Millán, "Brain-controlled wheelchairs: A robotic architecEuropean projects on brain-machine interfaces.
ture," IEEE Robot. Automat. Mag., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 65-73, 2013.
[10] M. Tavella, R. Leeb, R. Rupp, and J. del R. Millán, "Towards natural non-invasive

References

hand neuroprostheses for daily living," in Proc. 32nd Annu. Int. Conf. IEEE Engineer-

[1] L. Tonin, T. Carlson, R. Leeb, and J. del R. Millán, "Brain-controlled telepresence

ing Medicine Biology Society, 2010, pp. 126-129.

robot by motor-disabled people," in Proc. IEEE 31st Annu. Int. Conf. Engineering

[11] S. Raspopovic, M. Capogrosso, F. M. Petrini, M. Bonizzato, J. Rigosa, G. di Pino,

Medicine Biology Society, 2011, pp. 4227-4230.

J. Carpaneto, M. Controzzi, T. Boretius, E. Fernandez, G. Granata, C. G. Oddo, L. Citi,

[2] L. R. Hochberg, D. Bacher, B. Jarosiewicz, N. Y. Masse, J. D. Simeral, J. Vogel, S.

A. L. Ciancio, C. Cipriani, M. C. Carrozza, W. Jensen, E. Guglielmelli, T. Stieglitz, P. M.

Haddadin, J. Liu, S. S. Cash, P. van der Smagt, and J. P. Donoghue, "Reach and grasp by

Rossini, and S. Micera, "Restoring natural sensory feedback in real-time bidirectional

people with tetraplegia using a neurally controlled robotic arm," Nature, vol. 485, pp.

hand prostheses," Sci. Transl. Med., vol. 6, no. 222, p. 222ra19, 2014.

372-375, May 2012.

[12] R. Chavarriaga, A. Sobolewski, and J. del R. Millán, "Errare machinale est: The

[3] J. L. Collinger, B. Wodlinger, J. E. Downey, W. Wang, E. C. Tyler-Kabara, D. J. Weber, A. J.

use of error-related potentials in brain-machine interfaces," Front. Neurosci., vol. 8,

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p. 208, July 2014.

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8

IEEE SyStEmS, man, & CybErnEtICS magazInE Janu ar y 2015



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