Systems, Man & Cybernetics - April 2015 - 32

the University of Central Florida, where he also holds couracts as a critical boundary layer between what are still
tesy appointments in the Department of Civil and Environcurrently viewed as the living and nonliving parts of this
mental Engineering and the Department of Industrial Engidyad. Interfaces act as the mediating elements between
neering and Management Systems. He is the author of over
the reciprocal sources and destinations of feedback,
800 scientific contributions, including his most recent text,
and these hybrids generate a reciprocity that is unique,
Hoax Springs Eternal: The Psyat least in terms of our present
chology of Cognitive Deception,
understanding of our universe.
published in 2015 by Cambridge
I have termed this state of reciUniversity Press.
procity self-symbiosis.
Balance here is
Much a s did Wiener in his
References
later years, as we each persona surrogate term
[1] J. C. F. de Winter and P. A. Hancock, "Reflecally approach the end of our own
for stable phases
tions on the 1951 Fitts list: Do humans believe now
individually productive scientific
that machines surpass them?" in 6th Int. Conf.
of existence for
epoch, we almost inevitably have
Applied Human Factors Ergonomics (AHPE), Las
to turn from the issue of efficient
systems that possess
Vegas, NV, July 2015.
cause (i.e., the "how" of pro [2] P. A. Hancock, "Simulated and experimental
extensive feedback
cesses) to the more problematic
temperature responses in man during exercise in
concerns of final cause (i.e., the
and feedforward
varying environments," Comput. Biol. Med., vol. 10,
"why" of purpose) (see, e.g., [14]).
no. 1, pp. 1-9, 1980.
mechanisms.
This often drags the materialist,
[3] P. A. Hancock, "The simulation of human core
the rationalist, and the empiricist
temperature," Int. J. Bio-Med. Comput., vol. 12, no.
into realms of discomfort, even
1, pp. 59-66, 1981.
if they look to take their tools,
[4] P. A. Hancock, Mind, Machine and Morality.
methods, and instruments along with them [14]. Even
Chichester, England: Ashgate, 2009.
though, as I have argued, purpose predicates process
[5] P. A. Hancock, "The content and context of performance. An autobiographical
account of scientific development," Kinesiol. Rev., vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 197-206, 2012.
as much as process promotes purpose, there remains
[6] P. A. Hancock, "Autobiomimesis: Toward a theory of interfaces," presented at the
the essential issue of specifying purpose in the first
6th Int. Conf. Automotive User Interfaces Interactive Vehicular Applications, Seattle,
place. Most recently in our world, such aims seem, like
WA, Sept. 2014.
the diatribe on freedoms, to be connoted by absence of
[7] P. A. Hancock, "In praise of civicide," submitted for publication.
events such as mass distinction and disintegration of
[8] P. A. Hancock and M. H. Chignell, "Adaptive control in human-machine systems,"
human civilization (see [7]) rather than positive, declarain Human Factors Psychology, P. A. Hancock, Ed. Amsterdam, The Netherlands:
tive statements. But surely if autobiomimesis tells us
North-Holland, 1987, pp. 305-345.
anything, like its physiological forebear homeostasis, it
[9] P. A. Hancock, M. H. Chignell, and A. Loewenthal, "KBAM: A prototype knowledgereminds us of the crucial need for balance.
based adaptive man-machine system," in Proc. Ergonomics Int. 9th Congr. Int. ErgoBalance here is a surrogate term for stable phases of
nomics Association, I. D. Brown, R. Goldsmith, K. Coombes, and M. A. Sinclair, Eds.,
existence for systems that possess extensive feedback
Bournemouth, England, Sept. 1985, pp. 103-105.
and feedforward mechanisms. I thus conclude quite sim[10] P. A. Hancock and J. S. Warm, "A dynamic model of stress and sustained attenply that the ingenious and influential ideas of Norbert
tion," Hum. Factors, vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 519-537, 1989.
Wiener remain as pertinent today to our whole society
[11] N. Moray, Science, Cells, and Souls. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse, 2014.
[12] D. D. Schmorrow, K. M. Stanney, and L. M. Reeves, Eds., Augmented Cognition:
as when first promulgated more than half a century ago.
Past, Present and Future, 2nd ed. Arlington, VA: Strategic Analysis Inc., 2006.
Indeed, if we stand on the shoulders of giants, then Wie[13] C. Shannon and W. Weaver, The Mathematical Theory of Communication.
ner's shoulders have proved to be broad and elevating. I
Urbana, IL: Univ. Illinois Press, 1949.
am more than honored to have been given our Society's
[14] T. B. Sheridan, What Is God? Can Religion Be Modelled? Washington, D.C.: New
award that bears his name.
Academia Publishing, 2014.

About the Author
Peter A. Hancock (Peter.Hancock@ucf.edu), D.Sc., Ph.D.
is Provost Distinguished Research Professor, Pegasus Professor, and University Trustee Chair in the Department of
Psychology and the Institute for Simulation and Training at

32

IEEE Systems, Man, & Cybernetics Magazine A pr il 2015 	

[15] N. Wiener, Cybernetics: Or Control and Communication in the Animal and the
Machine. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1948.
[16] N. Wiener, The Human Use of Human Beings. London, U.K.: Houghton Mifflin, 1950.
[17] N. Wiener, God and Golem, Inc.: A Comment on Certain Points Where Cybernetics Impinges on Religion. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1964.


http://www.D.Sc

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