Systems, Man & Cybernetics - April 2015 - 45

Remembering Raja

(continued from page 44)

go to Raja with any issue (personal or professional),

also a powerful one that, along with others' stories, needs

and he would give you an opinion. You always

to be shared.

knew Raja would give you the proper perspective

Peter Squire

on whatever challenges you were facing at the time.

Program Officer

John E. Deaton, Ph.D.

Office of Naval Research

Chair, Human Factors
Director of Research

Wide-Ranging Interests

College of Aeronautics

Raja and I collaborated for over 30 years. We started with

Florida Institute of Technology

shared interests in attention-related ERPs, but, over the
years, our projects evolved to include not just scientific

A Generous Helper

questions but also solutions to the problems we studied-

As I was finishing my dissertation on human use of

from studying Alzheimer's and cognitive aging to trying to

automation in 1994, Raja generously agreed to review

ameliorate both with cognitive training. Our interests have

it even though I was not his student. This was like

required the use of electrophysiology, genetics, epigenetics,

Tony La Russa agreeing to coach your little league

neuroimaging, and noninvasive brain stimulation. He was

team or Picasso teaching your high school art class.

interested in everything, and it has all been great fun. His

Shortly afterward, Raja summed up the various flavors

gift for stimulating students and colleagues fueled his

of automation reliance in the taxonomy of use, misuse,

extraordinary productivity and reach.

disuse, and abuse and proposed a paper with that title

Pamela Greenswood

for Human Factors. The publication of that paper and the

George Mason University

opportunity to work with Raja on it has been one of the
A Man of Many Talents

highlights of my career.
Victor Riley, Boeing

Raja was a master of any trade that captured his interest:
research, writing, teaching, cooking, billiards, music, and dance.

Superb Storyteller

His many talents intimidated colleagues and students alike.

One of my first classes with Raja changed the way that

But after a few moments in his presence, his compassion and

I viewed science. Prior to Raja, science was studied and

humility melted away any anxieties. I will always remember our

learned, facts and figures written by faceless names

talks about our shared love of travel. I once asked him, "What

on papers. During my first class and many subsequent

is your favorite place to visit?" In the traditional Raja style, he

classes, however, Raja brought these people to life. Each

gave an eloquent answer with a small smirk upon his face and

class, he would present a single slide with a few pictures of

stated matter-of-factly,"The place I'll be going next."

notable researchers, and he told stories about them and

Haneen Saqer

the impact they had on the field. Raja's scientific story is

Doctoral Advisee, 2009-2015

[5] R. Parasuraman and M. Rizzo, Neuroergonomics.

can live with," in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Systems, Man

Factors: J. Hum. Factors Ergon. Soc., vol. 33, no. 5,

New York: Taylor & Francis, 2003.

Cybernetics, Oct. 2003, vol. 1, pp. 462-467.

pp. 539-557, 1991.

[6] C. D. Wickens, A. S. Mavor, R. Parasuraman, and

[11] R. Parasuraman, S. Galster, and C. Miller, "Human

[15] C. A. Miller, "Definitions and dimensions of eti-

J. P. McGee, Eds., The Future of Air Traffic Control:

control of multiple robots in the RoboFlag simulation

quette," in Proc. AAAI Fall Symp. Etiquette Human-

Human Operators And Automation. Washington, D.C.:

environment," in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Systems, Man

Computer Work, 2002.

National Academies Press, 1998.

Cybernetics, Oct. 2003, vol. 4, pp. 3232-3237.

[16] R. Parasuraman and C. A. Miller, "Trust and eti-

[7] R. Parasuraman, T. Sheridan, and C. D. Wickens, "A

[12] R. Parasuraman, S. Galster, P. Squire, H. Furu-

quette in high-criticality automated systems," Commun.

model for types and levels of human interaction with

kawa, and C. Miller, "A flexible delegation-type interface

ACM, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 51-55, 2004.

automation," IEEE Trans. Syst. Man, Cybern. A, vol.

enhances system performance in human supervision

[17] E. de Visser and R. Parasuraman, "The social

30, no. 3, pp. 286-297, May 2000.

of multiple robots: Empirical studies with RoboFlag,"

brain: Behavioral, computational and neuroergo-

[8] T. Sheridan and W. Verplank, "Human and comput-

IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. A, vol. 35, no. 4, pp.

nomic perspectives," in Human-Computer Eti-

er control of undersea teleoperators," Man-Machine

481-493, July 2005.

quette: Cultural Expectations and the Design

Syst. Lab., Massachusetts Inst. Technol., Cambridge,

[13] C. Miller and R. Parasuraman, "Beyond levels of

Implications They Place on Computers and Tech-

MA, Tech. Rep., 1978.

automation: An architecture for more flexible human-

nology, C. C. Hayes and C. A. Miller, Eds. Boca

[9] T. Sheridan, "Supervisory control," in Handbook

automation collaboration," in Proc. 47th Annu. Meeting

Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2010.

of Human Factors, G. Salvendy, Ed. New York: Wiley,

Human Factors Ergonomics Society, Denver, CO, Oct.

1987, pp. 1244-1268.

13-17, 2003.

[10] C. A. Miller and R. Parasuraman, "Who's in

[14] R. Parasuraman and P. G. Nestor, "Attention and

charge?; intermediate levels of control for robots we

driving skills in aging and Alzheimer's disease," Hum.

Ap ri l 2015

IEEE Systems, Man, & Cybernetics Magazine

45



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