Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 13

an obstacle and a stimulating challenge for future
research and engineering initiatives.
Personally, I believe that, from a methodological viewpoint, many areas related to design-for-security and
model- driven engineering still need to be explored in
their multifaceted possibilities, currently representing
only a research niche. The same holds for formal, stochastic, and multiparadigm modeling used to address complexity and uncertainty by divide et impera, modular,
compositional, multilevel, and hierarchical approaches.
From the technology viewpoint, rapidly evolving artificial vision and hearing algorithms pave the way to new
scenarios in which they are increasingly integrated, e.g.,
in wireless sensor networks and drone surveillance.
A vision of the future of homeland security cannot
ignore the political strategy to find a balance between
surveillance technologies and social issues, also addressing ergonomics, privacy norms, and laws, as well as
appropriate procedures and regulations. The relevance of
those issues is regularly witnessed by the never-ending
discussions on closed circuit television boundaries and,
more recently, body scanners using millimeter waves or
terahertz cameras, not to mention the futuristic and
sometimes visionary evolutions of biometric identification, like DNA-based people recognition and tracking.
Whatever the future of homeland security will look like,
computer science and engineering will continue to play a
central role, enabling new paradigms in intelligent monitoring through big-data, information fusion, early warning,

and automatic situation assessment. This will be the subject of an IEEE lecture (e-learning tutorial), "Threat Detection and Modeling," which is among the first achievements
planned for my mandate.
Please do not hesitate to contact me at francesco.
flammini@ieee.org should you have any suggestions, if you
need further clarifications, and particularly if you want to
apply as a new TCHS member (please attach your curriculum vitae and a short letter of motivation).
About the Author
Francesco Flammini (francesco.flammini@ieee.org)
earned his Ph.D. degree in computer and control systems
engineering at the University of Naples Federico II, Italy. He is
an IEEE Senior Member and chair of the IEEE Systems, Man,
and Cybernetics Technical Committee on Homeland Security.
References
[1] IEEE SMC TCHS. [Online]. Available: http://www.ieeesmc.org/technical-activities/
systems-science-and-engineering/homeland-security
[2] F. Flammini, R. Setola, and G. Franceschetti, Effective Surveillance for
Homeland Security: Balancing Technology and Social Issues. Boca Raton,
FL: CRC, 2013.
[3] F. Flammini, Critical Infrastructure Security: Assessment, Prevention, Detection, Response. Southampton, U.K.: Wessex Institute of Technology Press, 2012, 1-326.
[4] European Commission Horizon 2020. Secure societies-Protecting freedom
and security of Europe and its citizens. [Online]. Available: https://ec.europa.eu/
programmes/horizon2020/en/h2020-section/secure-societies-%E2%80%93-protectingfreedom-and-security-europe-and-its-citizens

Ju ly 2016

IEEE SyStEmS, man, & CybErnEtICS magazInE

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http://www.ieeesmc.org/technical-activities/ https://ec.europa.eu/

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016

Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - Cover1
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - Cover2
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 1
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Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - Cover3
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