Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 2

IEEE Systems, Man, & Cybernetics Magazine
Editor-in-ChiEf

Mohamed E. El-Hawary
Dalhousie University
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
ElHawary@dal.ca

ASSoCiAtE EditorS
Liping Fang
Aurona Gerber
Saeid Nahavandi
Ferat Sahin
Weiming Shen
Margot Weijnen
Qiangfu Zhao
Haibin Zhu

SoCiEtY BoArd of
GovErnorS

Executive Committee
Dimitar Filev, President
Ljiljana Trajovic, Jr. Past-President
C.L. Philip Chen, Sr. Past-President
Vladimir Marik, Vice President,
Cybernetics
Andreas Nuernberger, Vice President,
Human-Machine Systems
Rodney Roberts, Vice President,
Systems Science and Engineering
Tak Wu Sam Kwong, Vice President,
Conferences and Meetings
Imre Rudas, Vice President,
Membership and Student Activities
Chris Nemeth, Vice President,
Organization and Planning
Vladik Kreinovich, Vice President,
Publications
Ferat Sahin, Vice President, Finance
MengChu Zhou, Secretary
Robert Woon, Treasurer
Members-at-Large
Term ending 2016
Patrick Chan, Honghai Liu, Fabio Roli,
Adrian Stoica, Robert Woon
Term ending 2017
Plamen Angelov, Dmitry B. Goldgof,
Tadahiko Murata, Shun-Feng Su,
MengChu Zhou
Term ending 2018
Maria Pia Fanti, Keith W. Hipel,
Okyay Kaynak, Robert Kozma,
Hideyuki Takagi
Editors
C.L. Philip Chen, EIC,
IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man,
and Cybernetics: Systems
David Kaber, EIC,
IEEE Transactions on
Human-Machine Systems
Jun Wang, EIC,
IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
George Cybenko, Co-EIC, IEEE
Transactions on Computational
Social Systems
Eunice E. Santos, Co-EIC, IEEE
Transactions on Computational
Social Systems
Cybernetics
Vladimir Marik, Chair, Vice President,
Cybernetics

Dimitar Filev, President
Jun Wang, EIC, IEEE Transactions on
Cybernetics
Vladik Kreinovich, Vice President,
Publications
Plamen Angelov
Hideyuki Takagi
Zdenek Zdrahal
Human-Machine Systems
Christopher Nemeth, Chair,
Vice President, Human-Machine
Systems
Vladik Kreinovich, Vice President,
Publications
Ellen J. Bass, EIC, IEEE Transactions on
Human-Machine Systems
David Mendonça, Coordinator
Systems Science
and Engineering
Rodney Roberts, Chair, Vice President,
Systems Science and Engineering
C.L. Philip Chen, EIC, IEEE Transactions
on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics:
Systems
Vladik Kreinovich, Vice President,
Publications
Saeid Nahavandi, Coordinator
Maria Pia Fanti
Conferences and Meetings
Committee
Tak Wu Sam Kwong, Chair, Vice
President, Conferences and Meetings
Patrick Chan, Coordinator,
Conferences and Meetings
Committee
Wing Ng
David Mendonça, Member (Systems
Science and Engineering)
Adrian Stoica, Member
(Human-Machine Systems)
Zdenek Zdrahal, Member (Cybernetics)
Daniel Yeung
Palmen Angelov
Julie Adams, Advisor
Robert Woon, Treasurer
Membership and Student
Activities Committee
Imre Rudas, Chair, Vice President,
Membership and Student Activities
Lance C.C. Fung
Loi Lei Lai
Barnabás Bede
Hiroshi Nakajima
Shun-Feng Su
Adrian Stoica
Distinguished Lecturer Committee
Imre Rudas, Chair, Vice President,
Membership and Student Activities
C.L. Philip Chen, EIC, IEEE Transactions
on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics:
Systems
Rodney Roberts, Chair, Vice President,
Systems Science and Engineering
Christopher Nemeth, Chair,Vice President,
Human-Machine Systems Committee
Vladmiir Marik, Chair, Vice President,
Cybernetics

Ellen J. Bass, EIC, IEEE Transactions on
Human-Machine Systems
Jun Wang, EIC, IEEE Transactions on
Cybernetics
George Cybenko, Co-EIC, IEEE
Transactions on Computational
Social Systems
Eunice E. Santos, Co-EIC, IEEE
Transactions on Computational
Social Systems
Distinguished Programs Committee
Imre J. Rudas, Chair, Vice President,
Membership and Student Activities
C.L. Philip Chen
Dimitar Filev
Hamido Fujita
Keith Hipel
Adrian Stoica
Chapter Coordinators
Subcommittee
Lance Fung, Chair
Enrique Herrera-Viedma
Imre J. Rudas
Young Professionals Subcommittee
Shun-Feng Su, Chair
Martine Ceberio
Cosmin Copot
Jose Merigo Lindadhl
Zhigang Zeng
Industrial Liaison Committee
Liu Qiao, Chair
Organization and Planning
Committee
Christopher Nemeth, Chair,
Vice President, Organization
and Planning
Vladik Kreinovich, Vice President,
Publications
Tak Wu Sam Kwong, Vice President,
Conferences and Meetings
Robert Woon, Treasurer
Ljiljana Trajkovic, Junior Past President
Ferat Sahin, Coordinator, Governance
Documents, Organization and
Planning Committee
Michael H. Smith
Lawrence O. Hall
Dimitar Filev, President
Rodney Roberts
Jay Wang
C.L. Philip Chen, Advisor, Organization
and Planning Committee
Publications Committee
Vladik Kreinovich, Chair, Vice President,
Publications
Vladimir Marik, Vice President,
Cybernetics
Ferat Sahin, Vice President, Finance
Christopher Nemeth, Vice President,
Human-Machine Systems
Rodney Roberts, Vice President, Systems
Science and Engineering
C.L. Philip Chen, EIC, IEEE Transactions
on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics:
Systems

David Kaber, EIC, IEEE Transactions on
Human-Machine Systems
Jun Wang, EIC, IEEE Transactions on
Cybernetics
George Cybenko and Eunice E. Santos,
EICs, IEEE Transactions on
Computational Social Systems
Mohamed E. El-Hawary,
EIC, IEEE Systems, Man,
and Cybernetics Magazine
Mariagrazia Dotoli
Dmitry Goldgof
Yutaka Hata
Enrique Herrera-Viedma
Honghai Liu
Shun-Feng Su
Publications Ethics Committee
Vladik Kreinovich, Chair, Vice President,
Publications
Ngoc Thanh Nguyen
Saeid Nahavandi
Shun-Feng Su
Yutaka Hata
Enrique Herrera-Viedma
Electronic Communications
Subcommittee
Ying (Gina) Tang, Chair,
Acting Web Editor
Chi-Hsu (Cash) Wang
Pramod Abichandani
Patrick Chan
Mohamed E. El-Hawary
Haibin Zhu
Standards Committee
William Lumpkins, Chair
Loi Lei Lai, Cochair
Henry Chung
Chun Sing Lai
Wei-jen Lee
Thomas Strasser
Kit Po Wong
Fang Yuan Xu
Chaochai Zhang
Jizhong Zhu
Search Committee for the
Nominations Committee
Ljiljana Trajkovic, Chair,
Jr. Past-President
Dimitar Filev, President
Rodney Roberts
Nominations Committee
Ljiljana Trajkovic, Chair,
Junior Past President
C.L. Philip Chen
Larry Hall
Michael H. Smith
Awards Committee
C.L. Philip Chen, Chair
Michael Berthold
Larry Hall
Keith Hipel
Mike Smith
Fellows Evaluation Committee
C.L. Philip Chen, Chair, Senior Past
President

IEEE SyStEmS, man, and CybErnEtICS magazInE (ISSN 2333-942X) is published quarterly by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Headquarters: 3 Park Avenue, 17th Floor, New York, NY 10016-5997 USA, Telephone: +1 212 419 7900. Responsibility for the
content rests upon the authors and not upon the IEEE, the Society or its members. IEEE Service Center (for orders, subscriptions, address
changes): 445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ 08855-1331 USA. Telephone: +1 732 981 0060. Subscription rates: Annual subscription rates included
in IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society member dues. Subscription rates available on request. Copyright and reprint permission:
Abstracting is permitted with credit to the source. Libraries are permitted to photocopy beyond the limits of U.S. Copyright law for the private
use of patrons 1) those post-1977 articles that carry a code at the bottom of the first page, provided the per-copy fee indicated in the code is
paid through the Copyright Clearance Center, 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923 USA; 2) pre-1978 articles without a fee. For other copying, reprint, or republication permission, write Copyrights and Permissions Department, IEEE Service Center, 445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway,
NJ 08854. Copyright © 2016 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. All rights reserved.

Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/MSMC.2016.2563540

2

IEEE SyStEmS, man, & CybErnEtICS magazInE Jul y 2016

IEEE Councils and Committees
Big Data Initiative Committee
Representative
Michael Berthold
Biometric Council Society
Representative
Yong Xu
IEEE/CAA Journal of Automatica
Sinica Steering Committee
Ljiljana Trajkovic
IEEE Cloud Steering Committee
Liping Fang
Nanotechnology Council AdCom
Representatives
Kao-Shing Hwang
Ching-Chih Tsai
IEEE Press Liaisons
Mengchu Zhou
Region 8 Chapter Coordination
Committee
Enrique Herrera Viedma
Imre J. Rudas
Standards Association
William Lumpkins, Liaison
Systems Council AdCom
Representatives
Mengchu Zhou
Edward Tunstel
Transactions on Affective Computing
Steering Committee
Goutam Chakraborty
Weiming Shen
Transactions on Big Data Steering
Committee
C.L. Philip Chen
Women in Engineering Liaison
Maria Pia Fanti

iEEE PEriodiCAlS
MAGAzinES
dEPArtMEnt
445 Hoes Lane, Piscataway, NJ
08854 USA
Craig Causer
Managing Editor
Geraldine Krolin-Taylor
Senior Managing Editor
Janet Dudar
Senior Art Director
Gail A. Schnitzer, Mark Morrissey
Associate Art Directors
Theresa L. Smith
Production Coordinator
Felicia Spagnoli
Advertising Production Manager
Peter M. Tuohy
Production Director
Dawn M. Melley
Editorial Director
Fran Zappulla
Staff Director, Publishing Operations
Mark David
Senior Manager Advertising and
Business Development

IEEE prohibits discrimination,
harassment, and bullying.
For more information, visit http://www.
ieee.org/web/aboutus/whatis/policies/
p9-26.html.


http://www http://www.ieee.org/web/aboutus/whatis/policies/

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016

Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - Cover1
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - Cover2
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 1
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 2
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 3
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 4
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 5
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 6
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 7
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 8
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 9
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 10
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 11
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 12
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 13
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 14
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 15
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 16
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 17
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 18
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 19
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 20
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 21
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 22
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 23
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 24
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - Cover3
Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_202010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_202007
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_202004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_202001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201907
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201807
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201804
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/smc_201801
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_1017
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0717
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0417
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0117
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_1016
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0716
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0416
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0116
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_1015
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0715
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0415
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/ieee/systems_man_cybernetics_0115
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com