Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 8

of a simulated vehicle into the
T he U M S i s t he u lt i m a t e
movements of a motion simulator.
human-machine interface (HMI),
The UMS is my
The aim of the washout filter is to
enabling complete immersion in
reproduce and deliver a realistic
t he s i mu l a t ion e nv i r on me nt
brainchild, and it
driving sensation to the simulathrough the integration of haptic
represents the next
tor's driver within the simulator's
vehicle controls, an immersive
generation of vehicle
physical limitations. However,
high-resolution three-dimensionalthough the driving simulator is
al-capable head-mounted display,
simulation, featuring
an excellent practical and costhead-tracking capability, and a
a far greater range
effective tool to test new vehicle
complete 36-camera motion capdynamic design and impart safe
ture and tracking system (Fig of motion, superior
driving training techniques for all
ure 2). The UMS is also able to
flexibility, and more
drivers, it can induce simulator
carry out physical monitoring,
sickness, which can occur in the
including heart rate and electrorealism, which makes
form of fatigue, tiredness, nausea,
encephalograph (EEG).
it suitable for use
and headaches. Simulator sickThe UMS presents an economias a flight or
ness happens because of false
cal and safe means for studying
motion cues and perceived disand testing different aspects of
driving simulator.
crepancies between the motion of
vehicular design and development
the simulator and that of the vehi(e.g., evaluating new vehicle modcle as a result of using inefficient
els), driver behavior and human
MCAs. The existing MCAs do not
perception analysis, driver traintake multiple human sensation-related and physical
ing, and road safety (Figure 3). Therefore, the UMS can
state-related factors into account and, consequently,
be used for analyzing user performance and testing new
their generated movements do not reproduce and replitechnologies before implementation in vehicles by comcate the sensation of real driving.
prehensive testing in a realistic environment. In addition,
As there is a lack of realistic motion through existing
the modular UMS design supports realistic driver trainMCAs, IISRI's researchers at Deakin University have coning for multiple vehicle types in a controlled, safe, and
ducted a series of studies on the problems of low motion
low-cost environment. Unlike the Stewart-based motion
fidelity and simulator sickness that often occurs in driving
simulators that cannot generate motions for evaluating
simulators. They are developing and implementing efficomplex vehicle movement in a realistic manner, the
cient and novel optimal computational-intelligent-based
UMS can enact large physical displacements with high
MCAs to give the user the most accurate virtual experiG-force accelerations.
ence that is yet to be researched and discovered. The priThe washout filter, also known as the motion cueing
mary aim of research and development efforts in this field
algorithm (MCA) or motion drive algorithm, is the
is to develop reliable, safe, and cost-effective simulators
main technique used in simulators to provide motion
through the development of an efficient MCA that can
cues by transforming acceleration and angular velocity

(a)

(b)

Figure 1. (a) the UmS represents the next generation of vehicle simulation. (b) the system is based on a highly

customized six-degree-of-freedom serial robot with a large motion envelope.

8

IEEE SyStEmS, man, & CybErnEtICS magazInE Ju ly 2016



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016

Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - Cover1
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Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - 1
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Systems, Man & Cybernetics - July 2016 - Cover3
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