IEEE Technology and Society Magazine - December 2019 - 5

EDITORIAL

Jeremy Pitt

Deepfake Videos
and DDoS Attacks
(Deliberate
Denial of Satire)

ur ing the Second
World War, in 1943,
the Japanese authorities in China interned
a couple of thousand
"enemy nationals" from "hostile countries" (mostly America and Europe),
in an isolated compound in the province of Shantung, (hence the Shantung Compound [1]). Unexpectedly,
the internees were supposed to selforganize themselves, so in addition
to taking care of basic necessities
(e.g., food, warmth, and shelter), the
compound occupants had to devise
their own political and organizational arrangements. At the start,
and relatively quickly, a hierarchy of
power emerged as a few men (it was
always men) attained a subtle but
tangible dominance, as they attempted to replicate the same status and
prestige that they had enjoyed prior
to their internment.
However, this self-organization
was disrupted by a minimal intervention from the "external authority,"
coming in the form of a requirement
to constitute nine four-man committees to represent the entire compound's concerns, including Labor,
Education, Supplies, Quarters, and
one named "General Affairs." The
chair of each committee was to form
a nine-person group which would
interface with the Japanese commander. It was assumed that "General Affairs" was the most prominent
committee, so that the chair of that
committee would be, de facto, the pri-

NASA

D

mus inter pares (first among equals),
and so by extension the leader of the
entire compound. Consequently, the
most domineering men jockeyed first
for a position on this committee, and
subsequently among themselves for
the role of its chairman.

Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/MTS.2019.2948416
Date of current version: 2 December 2019

DECEMBER 2019

∕

IEEE TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY MAGAZINE

The winner of this power struggle
was mortified, though, to find that
the word "Miscellaneous" had been
mistranslated as "General," and that
far from being the overarching committee for general compound policy,
it was concerned only with a medley

5



IEEE Technology and Society Magazine - December 2019

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IEEE Technology and Society Magazine - December 2019

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