IEEE Technology and Society Magazine - December 2019 - 69

Secondly, the industry is currently self-regulating,
and best practices are being developed by practitioners and researchers. There is no worldwide set
of standards (notwithstanding the fire evacuation
modeling, [[11]], and even these have scope to be
updated and improved), and no uniform approach
yet developed that can satisfy all stakeholders. For
the industry to realize its full potential, it will be
necessary to create the type of standards that can
measure the level of realism of a simulation in a
wide range of scenarios. Further to this, all new
models should be verified and validated against
the previously mentioned open-source data, while
existing models can be improved.
3) Ensure Researchers and Modelers Understand the
Ethical Implications of their Work
All researchers and modelers in this industry must
be aware of the impact of their decisions to investigate specific scenarios and design elements, especially for the members of society who are not the
primary or most numerous users of the infrastructure project. For a pedestrian dynamics engineer,
the work would entail using validated user profiles
for all demographics, and for a variety of use cases
(including safety related scenarios). As the industry
progresses, it may be necessary to develop basic
conceptual design rules for a typical design process, similar to the universal design principles [[30]].
This would allow the designer flexibility in their
work, while still ensuring equity for all users. These
best practices should ensure that designers are
aware of the impacts of their work on non-primary
demographics, and are conscious of the effect of
poor model calibration. As a fledgling industry, this
will take time and effort, but proper use and development will realize the benefits in full.

Author Information
The author is with Imperial College London, U.K. Email:
As15516@ic.ac.uk.

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