IEEE Technology and Society Magazine - Fall 2013 - 60

Table I
Japanese measures with English Translations
Factor

ID

English Item

Japanese Item

PNC

Pnc1

The placement of the
device is desirable
This device invades
my personal space
The placement of the
device is uncomfortable
The information the
device collects is an
invasion of my privacy
I am uncomfortable
with the information
the device collects
I am concerned with
the information the
device collects
I like this monitoring device

この機器の装着位置は望ましい

I think this monitoring
device is good
I think this monitoring
device is bad
Wearing this device
at work would be fun
I would hate using this
device at work
I would like wearing
the device at work
I have a choice in
wearing the tag or not
It is within my power
to stop wearing the tag
I am permitted to
remove the tag at work
I would wear the tag
regularly at work
I would frequently
remove the tag at work
I would wear the tag
most of the time at work

このモニタリング機器は良いと思う

Pnc2r
Pnc3r
PPI

Ppi1r

Ppi2r

Ppi3r

ATT

Att1r
Att2r
Att3

ATB

Atb1r
Atb2r
Atb3r

FC

Fc1r
Fc2r
Fc3r

BI

Bi1
Bi2
Bi3r

Behavioral Intention (BI):
defined as an individual's readiness to perform a given behavior,
and acts as the direct antecedent of behavior according to
the TPB [23]. The behavioral
intention under investigation in
this study is whether or not a
participant would wear the tag
presented in fig. 2.
The hypothesized (and tested)
relationships between each of
these components, as determined
by the PSA-BI model [1] (see
fig. 1). These hypotheses are
grounded in evidence from the
■

60

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この機器は、自分のパーソナルスペースを侵害してしまう
この機器の装着位置は、不快に感じる
この機器が集めた情報は、プライバシーの侵害だと感じる

機器が自分に関する情報を収集するということについて、不快に感じる

機器が収集する自分に関する情報について、懸念している

このモニタリング機器が好きだ

このモニタリング機器はよくないと思う
仕事中にこの機器を装着するのは、楽しいだろうと思う
仕事中にこの機器を使用するのは、嫌だと感じる
仕事中にこの機器を装着したいと思う
タグを装着するかしないかは、自分で選択できる
タグを装着したとしても、自分の裁量で装着をやめることができる
仕事中、自分はタグを取り外すことを許可されている
仕事中、定期的にタグを装着すると思う
仕事中、頻繁にタグを取り外すと思う
仕事中はほとんどタグを装着すると思う

ubiquitous computing and surveillance/monitoring literature.
One of the main hypotheses for
this study is that the Japanese
participants are expected to have
positive attitudes and intentions
toward wearable workplace UM
systems. This is based on existing
work practices (i.e., observation
in open plan offices) and a protechnology attitude.
Measure Assessment and Sample
Distribution
A series of three 7-point Likert
items were adopted from previous

research [1] for each factor (see
Table I). The letter "r" indicates
that this measure was reversed during statistical analysis, and was
included as a negative/positive
wording to prevent acquiescence
bias. The measures were professionally translated into Japanese,
and then crosschecked by both
native and foreign fluent Japanese
speakers. The items are designed to
measure perceptions and attitudes
of the device in fig. 2.
A paper-based questionnaire
was distributed to 500 office based
administrative and support staff at

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