IEEE Technology and Society Magazine - September 2017 - 40

On the flip side, artificial intelligence, robotics, wearable technologies, and associated information
systems may offer another ethical alternative to industries that
at present simply exploit the land
and country:
"...The Virtual dreaming project is a complex game where
the user, wearing a virtual
reality headset, can engage
with the traditional Aboriginal
culture of the Darug people
of New South Wales (NSW).
The terrain over which people
playing the game move is
Western Sydney University's
Parramatta campus in NSW, as
it was centuries ago. The aim
of the project is to connect
Aboriginal people to a virtual
world that reflects their cultural heritage" [18].
As the case above extolls, by
ethical design, perhaps those international consortia CEOs who are
currently blind to the social impact
of their enterprise will be required
to attend cultural training via virtual
connection prior to decision making
and resource taking.
The virtual connection will reinforce the Law of Aboriginal communities, not just subject them to being
subservient to government policy
and pervasive lock-ins of a self-serving mining entity. This all in turn may
then thwart any evil orchestration by
turncoats in far flung boardrooms
wearing fake feathers and furs.
"...Ethics is a process of learning - not a process of obedience" [19].
The gun to the head metaphor
could then dismissed as being an

40

is over. (ABC News: Kathryn Diss). Australian
Broadcasting Corporation, 12 June, 2016.
[9] M. Abrash, "Welcome to the Virtual
Age," Oculus Rift, 31 March, 2016. [Online].
Available: https://www.oculus.com/en-us/
blog/welcome-to-the-virtual-age/. [Accessed:
13-Jun-2016].
[10] Australian Broadcasting Corporation
and K. Diss, "Miners turn to tech as commodities downturn bites," Australian
Broadcasting Corporation, 12-Jun-2016.
[Online]. Available: http://www.abc.net.au/
news/2016-06-12/miners-turn-to-tech-startups-for-savings/7500934. [Accessed: 12-Jun2016].
[11] I. Wilson, "Impact Of Uranium Mining
On Aboriginal Communities In The Northern Territory - Parliament of Australia,"
Parliament of Australia, Apr. 1997.
[12] J. Taylor and B. Scambary, "Indigenous
People and the Pilbara Mining Boom,"
Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy
Research (CAEPR), Jan. 2006.
[13] D. Brereton and J. Parmenter, "Indigenous Employment in the Australian Mining
Industry," Journal of Energy & Natural
Resources Law, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 66-90,
2008.
[14] Minerals Council Of Australia, "The
Whole Story: Minings contribution to the
Australian Community," Minerals Council of
Australia, 21 Oct, 2015.
[15] G. Georgatos, "In the heart of Perth,
Aboriginal Tent Embassy and a refugee
camp | The Stringer," The Stringer - Independent News, 02-Mar-2015. [Online]. Available: http://thestringer.com.au/in-the-heartof-perth-aboriginal-tent-embassy-and-a-refugee-camp-9766. [Accessed: 12-Jun-2016].
[16] Rio Tinto, "Ngarluma Aboriginal Corporation awarded sub lease for Karratha pastoral station - Rio Tinto," Rio Tinto, 13-Oct2015. [Online]. Available: http://www.riotinto
.com/media/media-releases-237_15838.
aspx. [Accessed: 12-Jun-2016].
[17] Australian Broadcasting Corporation
and K. Diss, "Driverless Trucks Move Iron
Ore At Automated Rio Tinto Mines," Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 18-Oct2015. [Online]. Available: http://www.abc
.net.au/news/2015-10-18/rio-tinto-opensworlds-first-automated-mine/6863814.
[Accessed: 12-Jun-2016].
[18] Australian Indigenous Health Infonet, "Virtual Dreaming," Australian Indigenous Health Infonet, 14 December, 2015.
[Online]. Available: http://www.healthinfonet
.ecu.edu.au/key-resources/programsprojects?pid=2993. [Accessed: 13-Jun-2016].
[19] "Ethics in Design," Media Lab Helsinki.
[Online]. Available: http://mlab.uiah.fi/polut/
Yhteiskunnalliset/lisatieto_ethics_primer
.html. [Accessed: 13-Jun-2016].

analogy from a bygone era, and
now, in a positive ecologically sustainable manner Aboriginal communities can grow on country, not be
fracked off it.

Author Information
Alexander Hayes is a Ph.D. candidate at the University of Wollongong, School of Computing and
Information Technology, and a visiting Researcher at Aalto University, LeGroup, Media Lab, Finland.
Email: alex@alexanderhayes.com.

References
[1] Advertising Energy Group, "Cadia Valley,
NSW | Newcrest Mining Limited," 2016.
[Online]. Available: http://www.newcrest.com
.au/our-business/operations/cadia-nsw/.
[Accessed: 12-Jun-2016].
[2] Australian Broadcasting Corporation,
"About 100 jobs to go at Orange mine,"
29-Jan-2016. [Online]. Available: http://www
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[3] N. Kuter and Australian Community
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[7] Sentient, "Media Release: Mines in Virtual Reality Key to People Shortage," Sentient,
15 May, 2012.
[8] K. Diss, Photo: Doug Bester says
resource companies are now turning to
his tech to save money now the boom

IEEE TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY MAGAZINE

∕

SEPTEMBER 2017


https://www.oculus.com/en-us/ http://www.abc.net.au/ http://www.newcrest.com http://www http://abc.net.au/news/2016-01-29/one-hundred http://thestringer.com.au/in-the-heart http://www http://centralwesterndaily.com.au/story/ http://www.riotinto http://www.im-halloffame.com/inductees/ http://www.abc http://www.net.au/news/2015-10-18/rio-tinto-opens https://www.australianmining.com http://www.healthinfonet http://ecu.edu.au/key-resources/programs http://www.singularity.com/aboutthe http://mlab.uiah.fi/polut/

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