IEEE Technology and Society Magazine - June 2018 - 87

system of societal apparatuses to protect the individual
citizen against the running code and/or against potentially malicious use by individuals of the data that is collected and produced by that code.
In this article, we have explored five avenues. 1)
First, there is the obvious attention to data access control. Beside traditional privacy and security concerns,
the notion of behavioral privacy will be equally important, as it will be the possibility for understanding how
the exploitation of our personal data affects algorithms'
behavior. 2) Part of the solution may be to proactively
chaperone the ongoing activities of the algocracy with
"algorithmic guardians" that can represent and defend
us in the algorithmic world. 3) A less trivial challenge
lies in making citizens aware of the code that runs their
algocracy, and empowering them in novel democratic
procedures that will be used to manage that code. 4)
We should never give up the possibility for humans to
"pull the plug" or to insist on the wisdom of a crowd of
(preferably independent) algorithms. 5) Finally, context
awareness could be used to "sandbox" the power of certain algorithms in certain contexts and to provide the
meta technology to activate and deactivate the sandboxing based on a citizen's expression of discomfort.
We agree with [30] that ethical considerations must
be central to new algorithms we will create in the future.

Author Information
Franco Zambonelli is with the Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Italy. Email: franco.zambonelli@unimore.it.
Flora Salim is with RMIT University, Australia. Email:
flora.salim@rmit.edu.au.
Seng W. Loke is with Deakin University, Australia.
Email: seng.loke@deakin.edu.au.
Wolfgang De Meuter is with Vrije Universiteit, Brussels,
Belgium. Email: wdmeuter@vub.ac.be.
Salil Kanhere is with the University of New South
Wales, Australia. Email: salil.kanhere@unsw.edu.au.

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http://www.macleans.ca/society/science/the-meaning-of-alphago-the-ai-program-that-beat-a-go-champ http://www.macleans.ca/society/science/the-meaning-of-alphago-the-ai-program-that-beat-a-go-champ http://www.futureoflife.org/open-letter-autonomous-weapons/ http://www.futureoflife.org/open-letter-autonomous-weapons/ http://www.jssj.org/article/gouvernementalite-algorithmique-smartcities-et-justice-spatiale http://www.jssj.org/article/gouvernementalite-algorithmique-smartcities-et-justice-spatiale https://spectrum.ieee.org/computing/software/automated-to-death

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