IEEE Technology and Society Magazine - June 2019 - 23

FIGURE 1. Second level of roads in Kobe, Japan.

this life. The billions saved from
funding rail systems can be invested
in roads with the aim of reduction of
traffic congestion.
Where road expansion is possi-
ble, it should be carried out. Where
a road expansion is impossible, a
second level of roadway should be
built as has been done in Kobe,
Japan, Chicago in the U.S. and many
other places in the world. A second
level of roads in Kobe, Japan, is
shown in Figure 1. A second floor
of traffic lanes on the highway was
built in Iran across Tehran as well.
Any road can be expanded, and
money saved from eliminated rail
system subsidies can be used for
this expansion.
Another example is the most con-
gested highway in Israel - Highway
no. 20. In October 2013 a section
of this highway was expanded to five
lanes northbound and southbound
[12]. As a result, this section became
JUNE 2019

uncongested. Figure 2 shows the traf-
fic congestion at 17:00 in Highway no.
20 in Israel. The expanded section is

surrounded by an ellipse. It can be
easily seen that in this section the
congestion has been released.

Rail is not the Best Answer
for the Disabled

FIGURE 2. Highway no. 20 in Israel at 17:00.

∕

IEEE TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY MAGAZINE

In the era of driverless cars, even
people with disabilities or people
with an exhausting job will be able
to travel in a car without driving.
What is more, a shared driverless
car will be much more attractive
than a train arriving at a location not
nearby home. New apparatus like
that shown in [13], for mounting
wheelchair securement devices to
existing vehicle seat mounting struc-
tures, can be attached to vehicles
with the aim of making them more
user friendly for them disabled.
F u r t he r m o r e, d r u n k , r e c k -
less, or distracted drivers usually
are not mindful of their unsafe way
of driving. Many authorities try to
convince these drivers to leave

23



IEEE Technology and Society Magazine - June 2019

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