IEEE Technology and Society Magazine - March 2021 - 46

AI for a Fair, Just, and Equitable World

An Inclusive and
Sustainable Artificial
Intelligence Strategy
for Europe Based on
Human Rights
Celia Fernández-Aller*

Simon Pickin

Universidad Politécnica Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain

Universidad Complutense de Madrid,
28040 Madrid, Spain

Arturo Fernández de Velasco*
ONGAWA, Ingeniería para el Desarrollo Humano,
28028 Madrid, Spain

Ángeles Manjarrés*
Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia,
28040 Madrid, Spain

David Pastor-Escuredo
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Escuela
Técnica Superior de Ingeniería en Sistemas
Informáticos, 28031 Madrid, Spain

Jesús Salgado Criado*
Universidad Politécnica Madrid,
28040 Madrid, Spain

Txetxu Ausín
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas,
CSIC - CCHS - Institute of Philosophy,
28037 Madrid, Spain

 The United Nations (UN) 2030 Agenda and
other movements toward setting global goals such as
the Paris Agreement and the European Green Deal/
U.S. Green New Deal are laying the groundwork
for a transformation beyond purely market-based
economics toward sustainability and inclusiveness
[1], in which technological innovation and, in particular, artificial intelligence (AI) can play a central
role. The European Union (EU) is committed to
the 2030 Agenda and the sustainable development
goals (SDGs), which the UN itself has recognized
cannot be achieved without a people-focused, science-based, digital revolution [2]. This commitment to the 2030 Agenda should entail promoting
an inclusive and sustainable AI strategy, rather than
*These authors have contributed equally.

Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/MTS.2021.3056283
Date of current version: 16 March 2021.

46

0278-0097/21©2021 IEEE

a strategy with a narrow focus on competitiveness
[3], [4]. In order for AI to contribute to achieving the
SDGs, a systemic approach to the development of AI
solutions is required [5]-[9]. Conversely, the SDGs
provide an ideal framework to test the desirability of
AI solutions [10]. Europe's multicultural character
and its framework of international collaboration give
it a head start toward becoming a global reference
in the promotion of an inclusive and sustainable
AI. Sharing the experiences and practices of such a
European AI could make a significant contribution
to achieving the SDGs.
A business- and competition-oriented view of AI
is reductionist in human, social, and technological
terms, losing sight of the object of technology as a
tool to improve universal well-being, empowering
the populace and enabling them to live more creative and satisfying lives. The instrumentalization of
AI to optimize business objectives will likely lead

IEEE Technology and Society Magazine



IEEE Technology and Society Magazine - March 2021

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