IEEE Technology and Society Magazine - Spring 2014 - 40

are based on the argument of technical efficiency.
Furthermore, aware of the inherent non-neutrality of the application of science and technology,
the Earth Charter proposes that it
is necessary to grant independent
access to justice and to administrative procedures. This would allow
contextualizing ICT in a bigger
picture as an agent of the dominant
technopolistic logic, which if left
to its own devices would become
indisputable.
The Earth Charter stress the
importance of upholding the right of
all recipients of the information provided by these systems to effectively
receive it as originated from trusted
sources, properly collected, without any social bias in handling the
information along its path. In fact,
any manipulation in the information delivery would certainly distort
the perception of reality, producing errors and causing detrimental
effects in people's lives.
Hence, the Earth Charter reasserts the need to promote the
meaningful participation of all
individuals and organizations in
decision-making, to stimulate and
expand the debate among engineers, network specialists, and
information systems experts. These
professionals will face practical
and moral decisions, and the definition of the intelligent information
systems operation may bring about
conflicts of interest.
Therefore, we can conclude
that it is essential to add an ethical dimension in every decision
level, defining responsibilities, to
hold the policy-makers accountable for their decisions not only in
deployment phases, but also during operation. Only such transparency in all decision levels can avoid
that distortions caused by biased

40

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information could overshadow the
benefits of smart cities.

Author Information
David Bianchini is professor at the
Faculty of Electrical Engineering,
and president of the Committee
for Ethics in research with Human
Beings, pontifical Catholic University of Campinas, rodovia Dom
pedro I, Km 136, parque das Universidades, Campinas Sp, 13086900, Brazil. Email: davidb@
puc-campinas.edu.br.
Ismael Ávila is with CpqD research and Development Center,
rodovia Campinas - Mogi-Mirim,
km 118, 5 CEp 13086-902 , Campinas, Sp - Brasil. Email: avila_an@
cpqd.com.br.

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IEEE TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY MAGAZINE

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SprING 2014


http://cio.uol.com http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/publications/inter http://public.dhe.ibm.com http://www.cidadesinteligentes.blog http://http:// http://zaphod.mindlab.umd.edu/docSeminar/pdfs/ http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/ http://www.networks-etp.eu/fileadmin/user_ http://analisesocial http://ics.ul.pt/documentos/1218723654D9zFH7dl6 http://www.iau.usp.br/pesquisa/grupos/e-urb/

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