Impressions - April 2017 - 45

The biggest hurdle for
DTG when applied to
performance fabrics is
dye migration.
and ink combination on polyester shirts, you can achieve wash
durability that will compare favorably to sublimation-type prints.
Problem: Poor pretreatment/shirt-dye interaction causes
fabric discoloration in the pretreatment area.
Solution: Sometimes this can't be resolved. However, always
test prior to production runs. Some shirt brands and dyes manufactured in certain countries will work well, while others will
not.Try pre-pressing the shirt to "set" the dyes or, better yet, run it
through a conveyor dryer. Heat presses tend to leave the dreaded
"heat press box" on the shirt that won't wash out.
Problem: Dye migration causes white-ink discoloration.
Solution: This typically is due to low-quality shirts or dyes.
Try preheating the fabric to set the dyes prior to printing or
pretreating. Using a higher-quality shirt that is designated for
DTG printing also can help. Additionally, try the following
suggestions:
1. You have a better chance of mitigating dye migration with
a faster-curing ink. Since dyes tend to sublimate at around 330°F,
try lowering the cure temperature but extending the time in the
dryer. Ink curing is a function of achieving the manufacturer's
specs to cure or crosslink the ink while removing all moisture.
Finding the ink's sweet spot will help achieve a successful print.
2. Use the hover technique with a heat press.Typically, even
the slightest pressure from contact can allow dye migration to
occur quicker.Also, try using a conveyor dryer.
Problem: The heat press box appears on my shirts.
Solution: This occurs due to heat and pressure. It produces a
visible box that won't disappear.When the heat press contacts the
shirt's fibers, it can alter the fabric's appearance.Try a non-contact
approach, keeping the heating element as close to the garment
surface as possible without touching, or use a conveyor dryer.

Printing as much white ink as possible
on the initial underbase pass will help
fill the fabric's "hills and valleys,"
while also smoothing out the underbase
as the pretreatment helps gel the ink.

PRETREATMENT TIPS
You may find that performance fabrics require more pretreatment
to achieve the intended outcome. Due to these garments' wicking
nature, the pretreatment may immediately soak into the fabric. This
reduces the likelihood that ink will remain on the surface during

Problem: I have "holes" in my white ink.
Solution: Remember that DTG inks are water-based.A garment weave that has a lot of holes in it (hold the shirt up to the
light and you'll get a good idea of how tight the weave is) can't
properly hold ink in the weave's open areas. Even pretreatment
typically can't bridge these gaps and will result in a "voided"
area. Resolve this by using a shirt with the tightest weave and
smoothest fabric you can find.
The Printing Process

printing.
Plan on applying more pretreatment to the garment than you would
use on cotton fabrics. This will help bridge the fibers to achieve a
smoother print. An interesting side effect is that once the shirt is heat
set, its initial feel will be extremely stiff. Let the shirt sit for several
minutes and its flexibility will return.
You also can try two pretreatment applications. Apply the first
pretreatment and then heat set the garment. Once it is dry, perform
another pretreatment application and cure. Think of this as building
up the pretreatment base on the shirt to help achieve a smoother

Many DTG printers allow for some control over how the underbase is applied and full image is printed.Varying these settings can
result in success or failure while printing on performance fabrics.
Try printing as much white ink as possible on the initial underbase pass.This will help fill the fabric's "hills and valleys," while
also smoothing out the underbase as the pretreatment helps gel
APRIL 2017

P.45



Impressions - April 2017

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Impressions - April 2017

Impressions - April 2017
Contents
First Impressions
From the Show Director
Overheard
First Look
Scene at ISS
On Design
Team Threads
Perforate Athleticwear Properly
Shop Talk
Embroidery Technique
Embroidery Design & Digitizing
Screen Printing Graphics & Design
Sublimation
Direct-To-Garment
Heat Printing
Ad Index/Online Directory
Classifieds
Impressions - April 2017 - CT1
Impressions - April 2017 - CT2
Impressions - April 2017 - Impressions - April 2017
Impressions - April 2017 - Cover2
Impressions - April 2017 - 1
Impressions - April 2017 - Contents
Impressions - April 2017 - 3
Impressions - April 2017 - 4
Impressions - April 2017 - 5
Impressions - April 2017 - First Impressions
Impressions - April 2017 - 7
Impressions - April 2017 - From the Show Director
Impressions - April 2017 - 9
Impressions - April 2017 - Overheard
Impressions - April 2017 - 11
Impressions - April 2017 - 12
Impressions - April 2017 - 13
Impressions - April 2017 - First Look
Impressions - April 2017 - 15
Impressions - April 2017 - 15a
Impressions - April 2017 - 15b
Impressions - April 2017 - Scene at ISS
Impressions - April 2017 - 17
Impressions - April 2017 - 18
Impressions - April 2017 - On Design
Impressions - April 2017 - Team Threads
Impressions - April 2017 - 21
Impressions - April 2017 - 22
Impressions - April 2017 - 23
Impressions - April 2017 - Perforate Athleticwear Properly
Impressions - April 2017 - 25
Impressions - April 2017 - 26
Impressions - April 2017 - 27
Impressions - April 2017 - Shop Talk
Impressions - April 2017 - 29
Impressions - April 2017 - Embroidery Technique
Impressions - April 2017 - 31
Impressions - April 2017 - 32
Impressions - April 2017 - Embroidery Design & Digitizing
Impressions - April 2017 - 34
Impressions - April 2017 - 35
Impressions - April 2017 - 36
Impressions - April 2017 - 37
Impressions - April 2017 - Screen Printing Graphics & Design
Impressions - April 2017 - 39
Impressions - April 2017 - 40
Impressions - April 2017 - Sublimation
Impressions - April 2017 - 42
Impressions - April 2017 - 43
Impressions - April 2017 - Direct-To-Garment
Impressions - April 2017 - 45
Impressions - April 2017 - 46
Impressions - April 2017 - Heat Printing
Impressions - April 2017 - 48
Impressions - April 2017 - 49
Impressions - April 2017 - Ad Index/Online Directory
Impressions - April 2017 - Classifieds
Impressions - April 2017 - 52
Impressions - April 2017 - Cover3
Impressions - April 2017 - Cover4
Impressions - April 2017 - I1
Impressions - April 2017 - I2
Impressions - April 2017 - I3
Impressions - April 2017 - I4
Impressions - April 2017 - I5
Impressions - April 2017 - I6
https://www.nxtbook.com/emerald/impressions/DigitalDecorator_2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/emerald/impressions/20210809
https://www.nxtbook.com/emerald/impressions/teamactivewear_2021
https://www.nxtbook.com/emerald/impressions/202106
https://www.nxtbook.com/emerald/impressions/202105
https://www.nxtbook.com/emerald/impressions/imp_0421_digital
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/202103
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/20210102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/202012
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/dd_fall2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nxtbook_bhtest/impwessons
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/20201011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/202009
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamactive_2020fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/202008
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/20200607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/202005
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/dd_2020
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/202004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/202003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/202002
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/202001
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201912
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/dd_2019
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamactive_2019fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201908
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/20190607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201905
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201904
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201903
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamactive_2019spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201902
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201901
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201812
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/dd_2018
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201810
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201809
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2018fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201808
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201806
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201805
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201804
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201803
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2018spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201802
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201801
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201712
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201710
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201709
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2017fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/20170607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201705
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201704
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201703
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2017spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201702
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201701
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/sportsfanretailer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201612
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201610
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201609
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201608
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2016fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/20160607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201605
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201604
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201603
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2016spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201602
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201601
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/sportsfanretailer_201512
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201512
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/digitaldecorator_2015fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201510
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201509
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201508
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2015fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/20150607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/digitaldecorator_2015summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/sportsfanretailer_201506
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201504
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201503
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2015spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201502
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201501
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/sportsfanretailer_201412
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201412
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201410
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/sportsfanretailer_2014fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201409
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201408
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2014fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/digitaldecorator_2014summer
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/20140607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/sportsfanretailer_2014spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201404
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201403
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/teamspirit_2014spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/impressions/201402
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201401
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_sportsfanretailer_201312
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201312
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20131011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201309
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201308
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2013fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20130607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201304
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201303
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2013spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201302
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201301
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201212
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20121011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2012fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20120809
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20120607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201204
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201203
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2012spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201202
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201201
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20111011
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20110809
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2011fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20110607
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201104
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201103
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2011spring
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201102
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201101
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_sourcebook2010
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20101112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20100910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2010fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20100708
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201004
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2010winter
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201003
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201002
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_200909
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_eco_2009fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_teamspirit_2009fall
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_200910
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_20091112
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_sourcebook_200906
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/nielsen/impressions_201001
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com