The Roanoker - July/August 2018 - 74

"Much of this m
designed for obse
App and video
designers use o
conditioning techniq
draw the user in," -D

engaged more on social media and males playing
video games. Almost 40 percent of tweens' and teens'
use was passive, which includes watching videos and
listening to music. Social media use jumped 12 percent
from tweens to teens. When so much of adolescents'
time is in front of a screen, it is no wonder parents,
educators and mental health experts are concerned
about the effects.
74

JULY/AUGUST 2018

"Screen time and social media can affect self-esteem.
Fear of missing out (FOMO) can really occur with
social media," says Ashley Reynolds Marshall, Executive
Director of Mental Health America Roanoke Valley
(MHARV). "According to the Royal Society for Public
Health study, Instagram was the worst (out of YouTube,
Twitter, Facebook, and Snapchat) because it is all pretty
and curated."
Instagram users often take several pictures and run
filters before posting them on the app. This can be
misleading since it is not a realistic picture.
Adults are not immune to FOMO. Advertisers count
on that. However, children and teens are especially
susceptible given that they are learning who they are and
where they fit in the world. Peer pressure is common
among teenagers, and now it is in real-time that a friend
posts on Snapchat or Instagram that they got the latest
trendy shoes. Or that a friend is out having fun with
another friend and someone sees it and feels left out
which can lead to feeling unpopular and lonely. They
are also less likely to consider that life on the screen
is not always an accurate or complete picture of the
person's real life.
"Let kids know what you see on the internet and
social media isn't always real, but you are and you're
awesome," says Marshall.
Instant feedback in the form of likes and comments
on posts can also create issues around self-esteem and
confidence. This type of feedback also stimulates the
reward center of the brain, creating an addictive quality.
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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Roanoker - July/August 2018

The Roanoker - July/August 2018 - Intro
The Roanoker - July/August 2018 - Cover1
The Roanoker - July/August 2018 - Cover2
The Roanoker - July/August 2018 - 3
The Roanoker - July/August 2018 - 4
The Roanoker - July/August 2018 - 5
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The Roanoker - July/August 2018 - Cover3
The Roanoker - July/August 2018 - Cover4
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