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DEPRESSION DICTIONARY This mental illness can manifest in diverse ways. Here are a few: TRUE OR FALSE: TRUE OR FALSE: TRUE. This may be related to biological factors, such as hormonal changes associated with pregnancy, motherhood and menopause. It may also be related to the cultural and social pressures put on women. For Winston, how men and women deal with the illness makes a difference. Women are more likely to talk about and accept the fact that they're depressed, she says, while men may mask depression with drinking or other substances. FALSE. Depression is a highly treatable condition, Winston says, provided the person gets help. "Hopelessness in depression is a feeling, not a fact," Winston says. "And people who feel hopeless when they're depressed, they believe they're in a hopeless situation. But it's actually just a feeling, and there's nothing hopeless whatsoever about depression." More women than men are diagnosed with depression. TRUE OR FALSE: Depression can be fatal. TRUE. Left untreated, the feelings of hopelessness, sadness and guilt can overwhelm a person to the point where they don't want to live any longer. In that case, sufferers should seek immediate medical help. Worldwide, more than 800,000 people die because of suicide every year, and it is the second-leading cause of death in people ages 15 to 29. Depression has no real treatment. Depressed people will always be depressed. TRUE OR FALSE: Treating depression is as simple as taking an antidepressant. FALSE. "The number of people who just take a medication and are fixed is relatively small," Winston says. Many more people need a combination of therapy and medication. And it can take some time to figure out the right type of medication-or combination of medications-to feel well. n APPOINTMENTS Take the First Step to Feeling Better Major depression: Sometimes called clinical depression, this is the type you think of first-the person suffers from symptoms most of the day, nearly every day. Persistent depressive disorder: This is a chronic depression that lasts at least two years, though symptoms may be less severe than in major depression. Postpartum depression: Some women feel extreme sadness and anxiety after giving birth-much more than the so-called "baby blues." Hormone changes and exhaustion are thought to contribute. Psychotic depression: This is depression plus psychosis, including having delusions or hallucinations. Seasonal affective disorder: Some people feel depressive symptoms in the winter, when there is less natural sunlight. The feelings generally lift in the spring and summer. Bipolar disorder: This condition is different from depression, but someone with bipolar disorder experiences low moods like depression, coupled with extreme highs. Visit your primary care physician for a complete physical. Don't have a physician? Find the perfect one for you at gwinnettmedicalcenter.org/physician. W INT E R 2016 39 http://www.gwinnettmedicalcenter.org/physician

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Vim & Vigor - Winter 2016 - Gwinnett Medical Center

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