Vim & Vigor - Winter 2016 - University of Virginia - 39


DEPRESSION
DICTIONARY
This mental illness can manifest in
diverse ways. Here are a few:

TRUE OR FALSE:

TRUE OR FALSE:

TRUE. This may be related to biological factors, such as hormonal
changes associated with pregnancy,
motherhood and menopause. It may
also be related to the cultural and social
pressures put on women. For Winston,
how men and women deal with the illness makes a difference. Women are
more likely to talk about and accept the
fact that they're depressed, she says,
while men may mask depression with
drinking or other substances.

FALSE. Depression is a highly treatable condition, Winston says, provided
the person gets help. "Hopelessness
in depression is a feeling, not a fact,"
Winston says. "And people who feel
hopeless when they're depressed, they
believe they're in a hopeless situation.
But it's actually just a feeling, and
there's nothing hopeless whatsoever
about depression."

More women than men are
diagnosed with depression.

TRUE OR FALSE:

Depression can be fatal.

TRUE. Left untreated, the feelings
of hopelessness, sadness and guilt can
overwhelm a person to the point where
they don't want to live any longer. In that
case, sufferers should seek immediate
medical help. Worldwide, more than
800,000 people die because of suicide
every year, and it is the second-leading
cause of death in people ages 15 to 29.

Depression has no real treatment. Depressed people will
always be depressed.

TRUE OR FALSE:

Treating depression
is as simple as taking an
antidepressant.

FALSE. "The number of people who
just take a medication and are fixed is
relatively small," Winston says. Many
more people need a combination of
therapy and medication. And it can take
some time to figure out the right type
of medication-or combination of
medications-to feel well. n

CALL

Finding Help

Major depression: Sometimes
called clinical depression, this is
the type you think of first-the
person suffers from symptoms
most of the day, nearly every day.
Persistent depressive
disorder: This is a chronic
depression that lasts at least
two years, though symptoms
may be less severe than in
major depression.
Postpartum depression:
Some women feel extreme
sadness and anxiety after giving
birth-much more than the
so-called "baby blues." Hormone
changes and exhaustion are
thought to contribute.
Psychotic depression: This
is depression plus psychosis,
including having delusions
or hallucinations.
Seasonal affective disorder:
Some people feel depressive
symptoms in the winter, when
there is less natural sunlight.
The feelings generally lift in the
spring and summer.
Bipolar disorder: This condition is different from depression, but someone with bipolar
disorder experiences low moods
like depression, coupled with
extreme highs.

If you or someone you know is feeling suicidal, call the National
Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 800-273-8255. To learn more about
UVA Health System's extensive expertise with depression, visit
uvahealth.com/depression.

W INT E R 2016

39


http://www.uvahealth.com/depression

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Vim & Vigor - Winter 2016 - University of Virginia

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Vim & Vigor - Winter 2016 - University of Virginia - Cover1
Vim & Vigor - Winter 2016 - University of Virginia - Cover2
Vim & Vigor - Winter 2016 - University of Virginia - Contents
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Vim & Vigor - Winter 2016 - University of Virginia - Cover3
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