Vim & Vigor - Fall 2017 - University of Virginia - 44

AT A GLANCE BY JEANNIE NUSS

SURGICAL
SPECIALTIES

A look at some of the types of surgery
performed today
Ever have someone tell you he's having surgery soon? If
he doesn't offer any details-and, of course, it's rude to
ask-you really have no idea what's going to happen in
the operating room. After all, we use the term "surgery" to mean so
many procedures.
The American College of Surgeons recognizes 14 surgical
specialties:
* Colon and rectal surgery
* Orthopedic surgery
* General surgery
* Otolaryngologic surgery
* Gynecologic oncology
* Pediatric surgery
* Neurologic surgery
* Plastic and maxillofacial
* Obstetric and gynecologic
surgery
* Thoracic surgery
surgery
* Ophthalmic surgery
* Urologic surgery
* Oral and maxillofacial surgery
* Vascular surgery
These specialties cover everything from heart surgery (part of
thoracic surgery) to cataract surgery (part of ophthalmic surgery).
And as technology has transformed medicine over the past century,
many of the specialties now include additional subspecialties, says
Frank Lewis, MD, executive director of the American Board of Surgery.
"The procedures that are common to a given specialty have
gotten increasingly sophisticated over time, and the level of
experience and training needed to perform them competently has
gotten even more complicated," Lewis says.
Read on to learn about some of the ways to operate.

WEBSITE

Surgery Glossary
Learn more about the basics of surgery and find a guide
to surgical specialists at medlineplus.gov/surgery.html.

44

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http://www.medlineplus.gov/surgery.html

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Vim & Vigor - Fall 2017 - University of Virginia

Contents
Vim & Vigor - Fall 2017 - University of Virginia - Cover1
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Vim & Vigor - Fall 2017 - University of Virginia - Contents
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