Vim & Vigor - Spring 2018 - University of Virginia - 48

HEALTH BY THE NUMBERS BY CINDY DECKER

DISTRACTED
DRIVING
In 2015, distracted driving caused

16

%

of crashes can
be attributed to
distracted driving.

A distraction lasts in the
brain 27 seconds after
the activity has ended.

3,477

deaths and

391,000

5 seconds is the average
time eyes are off the road
when texting-at 55 mph,
it's enough time to drive
the length of a football field.

injuries.

660,000 PEOPLE

are using cellphones or devices while driving
at any given moment during daylight hours.

Sources: AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

THE CASE FOR SAFER DRIVING

48

SP RIN G 2 0 1 8

however much we think we can multitask,
Vogel says. Even simply listening to a phone
conversation reduces the attention paid to
driving by 37 percent, research has found.
Drivers with type 1 diabetes need to be
aware that low blood glucose can also impair
their ability to drive safely. A recent University
of Virginia study suggests a new way to help
those with type 1 diabetes drive more safely.
The UVA study found that 35 percent of
participants with type 1 diabetes could be
considered high-risk drivers, but a new intervention toolkit reduced by almost 60 percent
their likelihood of an accident or near miss.
The toolkit included an online questionnaire to
assess accident risk, a kit (kept in the car) for
checking and treating low blood glucose, and a
pre-driving safety checklist.

WEBSITE

Do You
Have Type 1
Diabetes?
Before driving anywhere,
it's important to check
your blood glucose. Find
the accident-risk assessment used in the UVA
type 1 diabetes/driving
study at diabetes.org.

ILLUSTRATIONS BY GETTY IMAGES

Put down that cellphone. Better yet, turn
it off when driving. And if you have type 1
diabetes, be sure your blood glucose levels
make it safe for you to drive. People with
type 1 diabetes are more than twice as likely
to have a car crash as people who don't
have this disease, according to the American
Diabetes Association.
The National Safety Council and the National
Transportation Safety Board have called for
banning cellphone use by drivers, regardless of
whether the device is hand-held or hands-free.
"Hands-free is not risk-free," says National
Safety Council spokeswoman Maureen Vogel.
"When talking on the phone, drivers miss up to
50 percent of what's around them."
Our brains can't navigate both traffic and a
phone call from our spouse at the same time,


http://www.diabetes.org

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Vim & Vigor - Spring 2018 - University of Virginia

Contents
Vim & Vigor - Spring 2018 - University of Virginia - Cover1
Vim & Vigor - Spring 2018 - University of Virginia - Cover2
Vim & Vigor - Spring 2018 - University of Virginia - Contents
Vim & Vigor - Spring 2018 - University of Virginia - 2
Vim & Vigor - Spring 2018 - University of Virginia - 3
Vim & Vigor - Spring 2018 - University of Virginia - 4
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Vim & Vigor - Spring 2018 - University of Virginia - 48
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Vim & Vigor - Spring 2018 - University of Virginia - Cover3
Vim & Vigor - Spring 2018 - University of Virginia - Cover4
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