Vim & Vigor - Winter 2020 - UVA - 22

22

including going to bed and waking up around
the same time each day and avoiding electronic
devices before bed.
If these changes don't work, or if you have
insomnia for more than three months, talk to
your doctor. A sleep medicine physician may
ask you to keep a sleep diary for two weeks,
logging when you go to sleep and when you
wake up during the night and in the morning.
You likely won't need an overnight sleep
study, unless your doctor suspects you have
another sleep disorder, like sleep apnea.
In addition to improving sleep habits,
treatment options include cognitive behavioral therapy (a form of psychotherapy)
and medication.

Sleep Apnea

Not everyone
who snores has
sleep apnea.
-Raj Dasgupta,
MD, a fellow of the
American Academy of
Sleep Medicine

quitting smoking and not drinking alcohol;
trying positional therapy to help you sleep on
your side instead of on your back, which can
exacerbate sleep apnea in some people; using
an oral appliance that holds the tongue in place
or slides the jaw forward to prevent the airway
from collapsing; and having surgery to remove
excess tissue from the throat.

Narcolepsy

About 1 in 2,000 people have some form of
narcolepsy-a lifelong sleep disorder marked
by extreme tiredness and sometimes uncontrollable sleep attacks. But many people don't
know they have it.
"There's a big stigma," Dasgupta says.
"It goes frequently underdiagnosed."

WINTER 2020 VIM & VIGOR

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10/26/20 11:28 AM

PHOTO BY GETTY IMAGES

About 6 million adults in the U.S. have been
diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea-where
people stop breathing periodically during
sleep-and experts estimate that more than
23 million others have it but don't know it.
So, how do you know if you have
sleep apnea?
Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the
airway becomes blocked, usually because of
tissue in the back of the mouth.
Common symptoms include loud or frequent snoring. However, "not everyone who
snores has sleep apnea," says Raj Dasgupta,
MD, a fellow of the American Academy of
Sleep Medicine.
Other symptoms include silent pauses in
breathing, choking or gasping sounds during
sleep, morning headaches, daytime sleepiness,
difficulty concentrating, memory loss and irritability, according to the American Academy of
Sleep Medicine.
Risk factors include excess weight, a large
neck size, being middle-aged, being male, and
having high blood pressure or a family history
of sleep apnea.
If you suspect you have sleep apnea, talk to
your doctor, who can refer you to a sleep specialist to assess your symptoms and request an
in-lab sleep study or at-home test.
If you have sleep apnea, there are plenty of
treatment options, including using a CPAP
(continuous positive airway pressure) machine,
which produces a steady stream of air to gently
keep the airway open throughout the night;
losing weight; making lifestyle changes, like



Vim & Vigor - Winter 2020 - UVA

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Vim & Vigor - Winter 2020 - UVA

Contents
Vim & Vigor - Winter 2020 - UVA - Cover1
Vim & Vigor - Winter 2020 - UVA - Cover2
Vim & Vigor - Winter 2020 - UVA - Contents
Vim & Vigor - Winter 2020 - UVA - 2
Vim & Vigor - Winter 2020 - UVA - 3
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Vim & Vigor - Winter 2020 - UVA - 5
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Vim & Vigor - Winter 2020 - UVA - Cover3
Vim & Vigor - Winter 2020 - UVA - Cover4
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